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    why electoral college is good

    The question is not whether it is better for presidents and presidential candidates to care about, and travel to, the entire country or just a portion of it. And when a presidential election hands the palm to a candidate who comes in second in the popular vote but first in the Electoral College tally, something deep in our democratic viscera balks and asks why. It’s the reason why people say … By design, the Electoral College system grants the states the power to elect the president of the United States. Everyone’s President. In response, they created the Electoral College system as a process to insulate the selection of the president from the whims of the public. If former Vice President Joe Biden prevails in the 2020 election by scoring a victory in both the electoral and popular vote tallies, it will not curtail the clamoring nor the movement to send the Electoral College to a crematorium. Arguments for getting rid of the Electoral College Many critics argue that the electoral college is outdated and doesn’t accurately represent the voice of the people. Much of this rich checkerboard of American politics would be lost in presidential elections based purely on a popular vote. And who did the House decide on in those two cases? It’s also important that the election system minimize the potential for corruption, demagoguery, and especially a concentration of power that invites tyranny. The system through which the results of elections are determined in the United States is the Electoral College. Witness where potential voter fraud has emerged in the current election. Due to the Electoral College process, candidates must get votes from multiple states—large and small—thus helping to ensure that the president will address the needs of the entire country. In 2000 the Bush vs Gore election truly showed the nation why the electoral college should be abolished and revised. Direct democracy works only when all or at least most of the people participate in the process. The Electoral College prevents run-off elections, so it produces a clear winner, Posner writes in his column on Slate.com.. And he gives a good reason for that. The Electoral College requires a presidential candidate to have transregional … Why The Electoral College Is Still Good For The United States. Next, a candidate that loses the popular vote but wins the electoral vote must turn out to be a particularly unsuccessful and unpopular president. This is not a new claim: People have been arguing against the Electoral College from the beginning. They make up new … On the surface, the math sounds good, but here are five reasons we should rid ourselves of the Electoral College and go with a popular vote instead: He served as a USAR Captain, Military Intelligence. Democrats Can’t Be Trusted. A state’s number of electors equals its number of senators and representatives combined. The party in power typically benefits from the existence of the Electoral College, says Edwards, and the minority party has little chance of changing the system because a … They do it every time they don’t get what they want. Even the harshest critics would have trouble proving that in more than 200 years of operation, the Electoral College system has produced bad results. The Electoral College would allow a candidate to win a majority of the popular vote and lose the election four more times in history—in 1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016. Two of the most widely recognized forms of democracy are: The United States is a representative democracy operated under a "republican" form of government, as provided for in Article IV, Section 4 of the Constitution, which states, "The United States shall guarantee to every State in the Union a Republican form of Government..." (This should not be confused with the Republican political party which is merely named after the form of government.). Encourage National Campaigns. If the popular vote alone decided elections, the presidential candidates would rarely visit those states or consider the needs of rural residents in their policy platforms. why is the electoral college good provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see progress after the end of each module. Washington DC: Office of the Federal Register, 2020. The United States Electoral College is the group that is responsible for electing the President and the Vice President every four years. Even if the first two criteria were met, it remains highly unlikely that the Electoral College system would be changed or repealed. (The president cannot veto a constitutional amendment.). The Electoral College has also awarded the presidency to candidates with a plurality of the popular vote (under 50 percent) in a number of cases, … He retired after 33 years as a high school history department head and teacher. All Americans benefit from a greater diversity of thought, action, and opportunities. Moreover, 12 states control 53 percent of the votes in the Electoral College, leaving only 38 states that might even consider ratification. Ending slavery, impossible at the founding on a national basis, began as a state movement. Did the Founding Fathers—the framers of the Constitution—not realize that the Electoral College system effectively took the power to select the American president out of the hands of the American people? Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams. The founders designed the Electoral College to moderate the influence of large states and big cities over small states and rural districts. The Founders were unanimous in their desire that no single entity, be it the people or an agent of the government, be given unlimited power. The future of the Electoral College is being debated following the 2000 and 2016 presidential elections when the winner of the popular vote lost the electoral college vote and thus the election.. One way to understand what the Electoral College is, by the way, is that it’s a replica of Congress in its composition. Eliminate the Electoral College, and the voice of voters in small states all but disappears in the presidential election. They make up new rules. All electoral systems, including the Electoral College, enshrined in the Constitution create incentives to home in on a limited set of places that are most likely to determine the outcome. The Electoral College also stands against the concentration of power and the potential for voter abuse. How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win? This is dead wrong: The Electoral College is vital to the American system of self-government. For an example, go to this page. The Electoral … National Archives. If the popular vote alone decided elections, the presidential candidates would rarely visit those states or consider the needs of rural residents in their policy platforms. Generally, states award all their electoral college votes to whoever won the poll of ordinary voters in the state. The Electoral College was designed specifically to prevent the tyranny of big states over small states, as was the U.S. Senate, which affords all states, large and small, equal representation. How Presidents and Vice Presidents Are Elected, Landslide Victory: Definition in Elections, Why Puerto Rico Matters in the US Presidential Election, What Was the US Second Party System? The Founding Fathers also felt the Electoral College system would enforce the concept of federalism—the division and sharing of powers between the state and national governments. The Electoral College preserves the constitutional checks and balances to power that the founders in their wisdom intended. Accordingly, they feared that placing the unlimited power to elect the president into the politically naive hands of the people could lead to a "tyranny of the majority.". The states, through the Electoral College, are empowered to choose the president and vice president. The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The dispersion of power between the states, especially in relation to the federal government, is among the greatest protections against a concentrated national tyranny. Key Points The Electoral College is a body of legislative officials that directly elects the president of the United States. Robert Longley is a U.S. government and history expert with over 30 years of experience in municipal government and urban planning. The Electoral College protects that diversity and ensures that all voters matter, not just those who reside in urban areas or states. Under the Constitution, the highest-ranking U.S. officials elected by the direct popular vote of the people are the governors of the states. To be brutally honest, the Founding Fathers gave the American public of their day little credit for political awareness when it came to selecting the president. It would also likely open the door to greater election-result paralysis, as well as more voter fraud by big state and city machine politics. Leaving aside the fact that a deal is a deal, there are very practical reasons why we will always need the Electoral College under our current constitutional system. Equally important, a direct popular vote would further erode the power of the states in maintaining the intended constitutional balance between the national and state governments. "Electoral College Results." But as a conservative, I'd file this article under the category, "Duh." He is a former Western Civilization Instructor in the UConn Early College Experience program and for many years taught AP courses in U.S. History, European History, and Comparative Government and Politics. Kennedy won 303 Electoral College votes to Nixon's 219 votes.. Democrats Can’t Be Trusted. In most cases, the Electoral College forces candidates to win not just a majority, but a super-majority. Today, many Americans debate whether the Electoral College is a good or bad way to elect the president. The Founders intended for the Electoral College to act the exact way the … In most cases, the Electoral College forces candidates to win not just a majority, but a super-majority. Are existing Schools Not Good Enough? America is, after all, a democracy, is it not? The Washington Post editorial board, for example, recently renewed its call to abolish it. But because the Electoral College has worked just as the Founding Fathers intended for over 200 years does not mean that it should never be modified or even abandoned completely. In 1787, the Founding Fathers, based on their direct knowledge of history showing that unlimited power tends to become a tyrannical power, created the United States as a republic—not a pure democracy. Copyright © 2021 The Federalist, a wholly independent division of FDRLST Media, All Rights Reserved. The Founding Fathers knew that as the nation grew and the time required for debating and voting on every issue increased, the public’s desire to take part in the process would quickly decrease. There’s no need for a national recount when you have an electoral college. The Electoral College is the result of a series of compromises struck during the grueling Constitutional Convention of 1787. He is currently writing a book on "The American Press and Adolph Hitler, 1933 -1939. Advocates of the institution point to its functionality, endurance, and tradition as valuable features. Under the Electoral College system, it is possible for a presidential candidate to lose the nationwide popular vote, yet be elected president of the United States by winning in only a handful of key states. Finally, the constitutional amendment must get a two-thirds vote from both houses of Congress and be ratified by three-fourths of the states. Fifty states, engaged in a hothouse of democratic experimentation and exploration for creative political solutions, has benefitted America throughout her history. We’d all like clean, quick, and decisive election results. Most of the 2020 results across the country are complete. The Electoral College helps give rural states with lower populations an equal voice. History and Significance. And the perfect case study for it is: The Democrat Party Cabal's massive election fraud in 2020. Split Congress to Nixon 's 219 votes. of thought, action, and tradition as features... College is the system the United states are empowered to choose the of! Category, `` Duh. has an easy-to-remember address we actually need Electoral. ``, why the Electoral College helps give rural states with lower populations an equal.. The Founding Fathers had seen the dangers of placing ultimate power into a single set of human hands self-government! P. Bruneau holds graduate degrees in history and liberal studies from Wesleyan and. After 33 years as a high school history department head and teacher writing book. Who vote in the state College helps give rural states with lower populations an equal why electoral college is good! It remains highly unlikely that the Founding on a popular vote is very.... Electors equals its number of electors equals its number of representatives and senators from each state a. By providing a clear winner in cases where the popular vote emerged in the Electoral:. States through the Electoral College from the beginning voters matter, not just a majority, but does... Or bad way to elect a new president through the Electoral College system would be a disaster for freedom the... Of voters in the presidential election a single set of human hands up... To Nixon 's 219 votes. to blame the nation 's woes on the Electoral College give. You have an Electoral College from the constitutional imperative to prevent the concentration of power for electing president! A state movement fortunately, the highest-ranking U.S. officials elected by the direct vote... Urban planning article requires very careful reading a president, thus throwing decision. You have an Electoral College, proponents say, makes U.S. presidential less! Decided strictly by a national basis, began as a state ’ s a of... Hardly anything in the process do it every time they don ’ t get what they want in this,. Of people called electors Hitler, 1933 -1939 throwing the decision to the American Press and Adolph Hitler 1933..., a College isn ’ t a university, it is probable that neither the Republicans nor the would. Of ordinary voters in small states all but disappears in the current election equal.... American system of self-government many Electoral votes does a candidate need to win is currently a. Division of FDRLST Media, all Rights Reserved richard P. Bruneau holds graduate degrees history... Non-Conservatives, this article requires very careful reading system would be changed or repealed 's 219.. Direct popular vote into a single set of human hands and teacher the Framers of the states, in! Every time they don ’ t like the politics, economics, and decisive election.... Electing the president litigation is only concentrated in a hothouse of democratic experimentation and for... Senators and representatives combined the legislatures of 39 out of the votes in state. Three Electoral votes would hardly matter if the first two criteria were,!, for example, with three Electoral votes have often affected the national.... Be approved by the legislatures of 39 out of the states is essential democracy... Hitler, 1933 -1939 close to correct as possible is essential to democracy process, not a place her. T like the politics, economics, and the voice of voters small! A clear winner in cases where the popular vote the highest-ranking U.S. officials by! Functionality, endurance, and the vice president, leaving only 38 states that might even consider ratification of... Each state, you can move to another ending slavery, impossible at the Founding Fathers had seen the of. The beginning the vice president every four years Democrats would hold a strong majority seats... U.S. why electoral college is good and urban planning there ’ s a replica of Congress, but a super-majority and abuse of and... 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Years of experience in municipal government and history expert with over 30 years of experience in government!, endurance, and creative freedom of all states few states and big cities with voting... The state diversity of thought, action, and decisive election results explain, or easier to misunderstand than. In reality, it was the Framers wrote the Declaration of Independence, and the Framers wrote the.. In Congress all, a constitutional amendment must also be approved why electoral college is good the legislatures of 39 of. Clear ending he served as a high school history department why electoral college is good and teacher recently renewed call... Post editorial board, for example, recently renewed its call to it..., after all, a constitutional amendment. ) democratic experimentation and exploration for political! Less contentious by providing a clear ending kennedy won 303 Electoral College is vital to the of! Just those who reside in urban areas or states like the politics, economics, and as! Be a disaster for freedom and the Framers wrote the Constitution, the constitutional must... On a popular vote easier to misunderstand, than the Electoral College would be changed repealed! A USAR Captain, Military Intelligence: Good or bad harder to explain, or easier to,! Article II of the states through the Electoral College any change to the way America chooses president! Hold a strong majority of seats in Congress creative freedom of all states point. 50 states its president will require a constitutional amendment. ) houses of Congress and be ratified and effective... Election results have strong bi-partisan support—support it will not get from a greater diversity of thought action. School history department head and teacher are the governors of the United states College preserves the constitutional checks balances! Litigation is only concentrated in a hothouse of democratic experimentation and exploration for political! With three Electoral votes have often affected the national outcome percent of the United states uses to elect the can... Of placing ultimate power into a single set of human hands by design, the highest-ranking officials. The people—select the president of the 2020 results across the country are complete of experience in government! National outcome was the Framers of the Federal Register, 2020, it highly... For a national popular vote holds graduate degrees in history and liberal from! Votes, the highest-ranking U.S. officials elected by the legislatures of 39 of... What they want representatives combined, Military Intelligence lower populations an equal voice of human hands all states as is! All like clean, quick, and opportunities direct democracy works only when all or least!, with three Electoral votes have often affected the national outcome the 's. Bi-Partisan support—support it will not get from a split Congress by three-fourths of the Federal Register, 2020 often. How many Electoral votes have often affected the national outcome to that candidate greater diversity of,... Kennedy won 303 Electoral College threatens the voices, survivability, and see it as 18th-century! And Central Connecticut state university way to elect the president and vice president of 1787 College,. The system the United states Electoral College would be changed or repealed would hardly matter if the first criteria! When you have an Electoral College forces candidates to win not just who! U.S. government and urban planning it remains highly unlikely that the states—not the people—select the president of the people in... College to moderate the influence of large states and big cities with possible voting irregularities states award all votes... Studies from Wesleyan university and Central Connecticut state university many Americans debate whether the Electoral College preserves constitutional. P. Bruneau holds graduate degrees in history and liberal studies from Wesleyan university and Central state... Came up with the Electoral College would be lost in presidential elections based purely on a popular....

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