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    what was traded on the tea horse road

    This route gave birth to what we now call Puerh. ), which was often more than their own body weight in tea. 11 From here the route continued southwest along the Qingyi 青衣 River to Ya'an 雅安, once an important center for tea trade with connections through the Tibetan Plateau, linking up with the "Tea and Horse Trade" routes to Tibet, an important offshoot of the Southwestern Silk Road. It is one of the most heart-quaking roads on this planet. Find the perfect tea horse road and china stock photo. Tea, salt and sugar were once transported along these important trade routes to Tibet and, in the opposite direction, Tibetan horses were … And it seems they have numerous stories to tell. No need to register, buy now! In the Tang and Song (960–1279) dynasties, the Qinghai–Tibet Highway became a major alternative for transporting tea to Tibet from Sichuan and other more eastern areas, taking the less-steep long way round through Chengdu, Xi’an (then Chang’an) and the Silk Road. China needed war horses to protect its northern frontier and Tibet could supply them. The Tea Horse Road originated from 'tea-horse trade markets'(茶马互市), the traditional 'tea-for-horse' trade between Han and Tibetan people.It began with Tibetan interest in teain the Tang Dynasty(618–907), Duringthe Song Dynasty, some places in Sichuan, such as Mingshan, had a specialized governmentagency (茶马司) to manage and supervise the tea-horse trade. The Tea Horse Road originated from Chamahushi (茶马互市/Tea Horse Market) which was the traditional ‘tea-for-horse' or ‘horse-for-tea' trade between the Han and Tibetans. Free delivery for many products! Salts, Final Technical Report on the results of the UNESCO/Korean Funds-in-Trust Project: Support for the Preparation for the World Heritage Serial Nomination of the Silk Roads in South Asia, 2013–2016. Aged altars on the roadside are engraved with all sorts of religious scriptures and mottos. THE TEA-HORSE TRADE ROUTE. It is believed that it was through this trading network that tea (typically tea bricks) first spread across China and Asia from its origins in Pu'er county, near Simao Prefecture in Yunnan. We're a passionate team of one hundred avid travelers who love to share our knowledge The Ancient Tea Horse Road rivaled the Silk Road trade routes for importance, and as the longest ancient trade road in the world, at more than 10,000 kilometers in length, but was certainly toughest to travel. ZHANG YUN "(The) Buddhist monk, seeing what was going on and seeing, regardless of his good intentions, it wasn't going to work, left the main contingent taking me with him high into the mountains basically retracing the steps of the ancient Chamadao, the Tea Horse Trail or Tea Horse Road. Today's Lijiang is a well-preserved ancient town, known as an important survivor from the Tea Horse Road. LINKING TIBET WITH THE HINTERLAND. The road is far older than its name suggests; it became known for its tea and horse trade during the Tang and Song Dynasties, more than a 1000 years ago. The Tea Horse Road or chamadao (simplified Chinese: 茶马道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬道), now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chamagudao (simplified Chinese: 茶马古道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬古道) was a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet in Southwest China. ZHANG YUN "(The) Buddhist monk, seeing what was going on and seeing, regardless of his good intentions, it wasn't going to work, left the main contingent taking me with him high into the mountains basically retracing the steps of the ancient Chamadao, the Tea Horse Trail or Tea Horse Road. Feixiange Grottoes (689 AD), Buddhist art on the route from Chengdu to Ya'an. A continuation of some of the embedded moments – both large and small – of our 7.5 month expedition to chart and document the Tea Horse Road. Traveling along the Ancient Tea Horse Road is returning to nature, a trip for harmony between humanity and the environment, a trip of spiritual refreshment for urban people, and a trip of adventure and discovery. [1] This was also a tea trade route. The first record of tea cultivation in the world suggested that tea was cultivated on Sichuan's Mount Mengding (蒙顶山) between Chengdu and Ya'an earlier than 65 BC. Government efforts to control the horse-tea trade with those who ruled the areas north of the Tarim Basin (in the Xinjiang of today) continued down into the sixteenth century, when it was disrupted by political disorders. The ancient commercial passage, dubbed the "Ancient Tea-Horse Road", first appeared during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), and lasted until the 1960s when Tibetan highways were constructed. Years ago, tea growers and horse traders met in markets along Yunnan’s Tea-Horse Road, an old trade route also called the South Silk Road, between … The complete length of the Sichuan–Tibet road was over 4,000 kilometers, with a history of 1,300 years. The stations where traders stopped to do business later became towns or cities. Kangding was the place where traders from the West needed to change their means of transportation or where they just traded with local people. Sichuan and Yunnan are believed to be the first tea-producing regions in the world. This planned railroad, part of the PRC's 13th 5-Year Plan, is called the Sichuan-Tibet railway (川藏铁路); it will connect cities across the route including Kangding. It is also one of the oldest and highest trade routes. Apart from tea, salt was one of the most vital items traded along the route. It began with Tibetan interest in tea in the Tang Dynasty(618–907), During the Song Dynasty, some places in Sichuan, such as Mingshan, had a specialized government agency (茶马司) to manage and supervise the tea-horse trade. Asia’s ancient Tea Horse Road Chinese tea and Tibetan horses were long traded on the legendary Tea Horse Road, a harsh 2,250km trail stretching from China’s Sichuan Province to … Everyday low … It would be the 20th century before tea portering would come to an end and a functioning highway replace the men and mules. The trade relied heavily on horses, mules. At that time, the biggest trading transfer station was Kangding in Sichuan. The Ancient Tea Horse Road was spectacular. THE TEA-HORSE TRADE ROUTE. The Tea Horse Road traces its roots back to the Tang Dynasty. Chinese tea was first produced in Sichuan Province. Ya'an has been an important hub of tea trading till the 20th century. [3][4][5][6][7] In addition to tea, the mule caravans carried salt. Our focus is on health and wellness and the restorative properties contained in tea, herbal infusions and wild craft foods like wild rice, North America’s original “superfood”. Authorities claim it will bring great benefit to the people's welfare.[14]. Besides tea, silk products from Chengdu, notably Shujin (蜀锦), was also traded through this road to South Asian from around 2000 years ago. In addition to the Silk Road, another, smaller path, containing a caravan network, called the Tea Horse Road also became important in facilitating the tea trade in China and Tibet. The Tea Horse Road or chamadao (simplified Chinese: 茶马道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬道), now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chamagudao (simplified Chinese: 茶马古道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬古道) was a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet in Southwest China. For travelers, however, it was a dangerous and risky journey. During the Ming dynasty (1368A.D-1644A.D), the Tea-horse Trade Route via Kham officially formed, even though this trading route had existed since the early time of Song dynasty. The Tea and Horse Road was an extensive network of routes connecting the important tea-growing regions in Yunnan and Sichuan with the Tibetan highlands. It is also sometimes referred to as the Southern Silk Road or Southwest Silk Road, and it is part of a complex routes system connecting China and South Asia. The Ancient Tea Horse Road began in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), flourished during the Ming and Qing Dynasties(1368-1912) and reached its prime time in the middle and late periods of World War II. The roads created by traders connected communities in neighboring valleys and villages, and became the communication links for southwest China. The complete length of the Sichuan–Tibet road was over 4,000 kilometers, and it has a history of 1,300 years. Mount Mengding is the place where tea was first cultivated with written records (65 BC). Horse caravans served as the main means of transportation at a time of tea-for-horse trade, hence the trade route's name. New Year, What the Chinese Eat for Breakfast - 10 Popular Food, Loyalty From the 6th century to the 20th century, people in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces traveled by foot and horseback with pack horses to exchange tea for horses with people in Tibet - and thus the pathway was called the Tea Horse Road. The historical site of Ganxipo Posthouse on the route in Tianquan, Sichuan. Besides the route's importance for commercial activity, more significantly it was crucial for cultural exchange between the Indian subcontinent, Tibet and Southwest China. There are numerous surviving archaeological and monumental elements, including trails, bridges, way stations, market towns, palaces, staging posts, shrines and temples along the route. The Tea Horse Road starts in the tea producing regions of Xishuangbanna in Yunnan and winds its way north through Dali, Lijiang, Yangjing and Litang in Sichuan, before eventually ending in Lhasa.Sometimes the tea … Mekong valley near Chamdo, where the river is crossed by the Tea-Horse-Route, Nathu La pass on the way from Lhasa to Calcutta. Tea and other products were transported to Tibet to be traded for much needed horses. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road of Southwest China, aka the " Silk Road of Southwest China" – but called Chamagudao in Chinese (cha-ma-gu-dao = Tea-Horse-Ancient-Road) – is an old trade route that stretched east to west and south to north across southwest China, including present-day Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region), and down into Nepal and India (see the stylized map … It would be the 20th century before tea portering would come to an end and a functioning highway replace the men and mules. This was also a tea trade route. © 1998-2020 China Highlights — Discovery Your Way! Or contact us with your ideas for how you want to explore the Ancient Tea Horse Road. & Referral Program. Tea eventually gained prestige and status, sometimes being given as elaborate gifts to royalty and nobility. Sichuan and Yunnan are believed to be the first tea-producing regions in the world. The ancient Tea Horse trade route (also known as the Southern Silk Road) is a sprawling web of millennia-old paths connecting Southeast Asia to southwest China and Tibet. Meanwhile, the road also promoted exchanges in culture, religion and ethnic migration, The Tea Horse Road originated from 'tea-horse trade markets'(茶马互市), the traditional 'tea-for-horse' trade between Han and Tibetan people. The best known example to illustrate the importance of the horse in the history of Inner Asia is the Mongol Empire. Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, 'Pu'er Tea Traditions' in: "The road line of the ancient tea-and-horse trade road", "Richness, Diversity and Natural Beauty on the Tea Horse Road", "History and Legend of Sino-Bangla Contacts", http://news.cntv.cn/2015/08/13/ARTI1439458357250340.shtml, Documentary: Insight on Asia - Asian Corridor in Heaven, Tea Horse Road - National Geographic Magazine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tea_Horse_Road&oldid=997460176, Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Yunnan, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 16:35. This road is very treacherous with narrow roads that snake along the side of mountains that easily washed out and were barely wide enough for a horse or human on foot. Accompanying Michael Freeman's spectacular photographers is text drawing on first-hand experiences, primary research and This is the first comprehensive visual documentation of the Tea Horse Road that takes the audience on a journey from the birthplace of the tea plant along the oldest trade route of tea in the world. Once the highway started handling the trade, it would not be long before the Tea Horse Road was forgotten. See our Yunnan Tours for ways of seeing the ruins of this ancient business route. [13], In the 21st century, the legacy of the Tea-Horse Road has been used to promote a railway that will connect Chengdu to Lhasa. By making this important military road a Tea-Horse Trade route, the exchange of tea and fabric for horses stimulated tea planting and expedited the development of the Tea-Horse Trade. It was thus the critical trade route connecting Yunnan to Southern Asia. while horses, cows, furs, musk and other local products came out. The trade road at the time was called Yak Road, the original ancient Tea-Horse Road. In early years prominent monasteries would function as logistic centers and warehouses for tea as well as other items which were traded on the Tea-Horse Road. Both people and horses carried heavy loads, the tea porters sometimes carrying over 60–90 kg (132-198 lb. Even after the Silk Road fell out of use … Once the highway started handling the trade, it would not be long before the Tea Horse Road was forgotten. Tea portering would come to an end and a functioning highway replace the and... Bartered local products, such as tea for horses or medicines with people in Tibet in valleys! Roland Chih-Hung and Gai, Jorayev from 'tea-horse trade markets ' ( 茶马互市 ), Buddhist art on route! To Southern Asia. [ 14 ] Road special Road at the time was Yak... Would come to an end and a functioning highway replace the men and mules elaborate to... Will bring great benefit to the rest of China and South Asia. 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