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    why was stalin able to rise to power

    Before the death of Lenin it was evident that Stalin had huge power within the party machine, as Lenin himself expressed in his ?Testament?, and Lynch explains the accumulation of this power in reference to the nature of Soviet government from 1917 onwards, as the lack of precedent and guidelines led to the creation of individual advancement which would, ordinarily, not exist. Historiography - recent attempts to rehabilitate Stalin's reputation. Trotsky Was to Blame for Stalin’s Rise to Power With the decline of Trotsky, Joseph Stalin felt strong enough to stop sharing power with Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev. He also used the ?legacy of Lenin? Collectivisation became known as an organised famine. Propaganda also helped to identify Stalin’s opponents and gave him an excuse for dealing with them. These views made Stalin look like a bad leader, but when shown this testament, other members of the party congress disagreed with Lenin’s views, especially Zinoviev, so the testament was never published.When Lenin died, he left Stalin in a good position to rise to power. How far do you agree that the weaknesses and mistakes of Stalin’s rivals was the main factor allowing Stalin to rise to power? Why was Stalin able to establish his dictatorship in Russia? Analyzing The Struggle For Power In Four Novels: Fahrenheit 451, Invis; Comparing Hitler And Stalin In Their Rise To Power. Trotsky was regarded as an intruder for his Menshevik past, and his apparent ambition prompted the formation of a triumvirate in 1924 within the politburo against him, which relied on the unpopularity of Trotsky amongst the party rank and file to ostracize him. Recommended textbook: Access to History for the IB Diploma: Authoritarian states Second Edition (Michael Lynch) Learning Objectives. This put Zinoviev and … According to Lee, Trotsky?s intellectual character and as EH Carr points out, his ?European pseudo-Marxism?, were counter-productive as they led to his being distrusted by party colleagues, more sympathetic towards the pro-Slavic line advanced by Stalin. The Show Trials were widely publicised trials held in the Soviet Union during the 1930s. Author: Created by alainechristian. Essay, Read the following extract from Act 1, Scene 3. Lenin died in 1924. Reed Brett on Stalin's rise to power. Joseph Stalin. Why was Stalin able to come to power? Although Stalin would later be Trotsky's primary antagonist, for the moment the opposition included not only Stalin but also two other politicians: Lev Kamenev and G.E… But there were also other factors that proved to be very important. It was this Slavic background, according to Lee, which gave him: ? In 1921 Stalin helped plan the invasion of Georgia which was the source for his negative policies towards the country. During the 1st five year plan the number of industrial workers had double. Many say that his leadership caused more damage than the benefits given to Soviet Union ... ... the party. This essay will attempt to assess the relative importance these factors. Stalin allowed Bukharin to be chief advocate of NEP. He led the Soviet Union which was considered as the foundation of communist states and emulated by other aspiring communist countries. Following the incapacitation and subsequent death of Vladimir Lenin, there were many legitimate claimants to this leadership: Grigory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev, Nikolai Bukharin and, … Stalin's rise to power was a combination of his ability to manipulate situations and the failure of others to prevent him from taking power, especially Leon Trotsky. Propaganda also prevented movement away from socialist teaching and avoided debate within the party. The acquisition by Stalin of his political offices from 1917 to 1922 increased his power over the party machine immensely, as he found himself with more authority over both personnel and policy. On March 2nd, 1930, he published an article called ‘Dizzy from Success’, in which he blamed local officials for the intensity of Collectivisation and almost immediately many peasants left the collective farms. The Purges couldn’t have happened without the Secret Police; The Show Trails couldn’t have happened without the purges; The Propaganda wouldn’t have happened without the Show Trails or the Cult of Personality; Industrialisation wouldn’t have happened without Collectivisation and vice-versa and The Cult of Personality couldn’t have happened without Propaganda. Lee supports this view, stressing that the publication would have removed Stalin from high office, since the sentiments expressed were those of Lenin. ← Having studied the Sutton Hoo burial, I have come to a conclusion that King Raedwald was the person who had been given a memorial Essay, A report to Stalin on the ruinous effects of the Purges Essay, Effects of strong dollar, economic recovery apparent in first-half import and export prices Essay, Why did relations between the USA and the USSR change in the period from the end of WW2 and the beginning of the Berlin Blockade 1948? Joseph Stalin was a Georgian born student radical who became a member and eventually became leader of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.He served as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953. The workers made a huge effort to achieve these targets, to make the Soviet Union a major industrial power in 10years. In 1929 all peasants were forced to join Collectivisation and it became enforce by the law. By 1928 Stalin was said to have control over the communist party in Russia. It would appear an amazing feat that Stalin, the least impressive of the likely successors to Lenin, would become leader of the USSR. Arpil 1925 measures to boost agricultural production and gain capital by selling grain abroad. Immediately Stalin ordered a purge against people he believed were involved in the death of Kirov. It would appear that Stalin?s opponents had serious flaws, which prevented them from effectively challenging him; Trotsky in particular, had squandered vital opportunities to change the course of the leadership race, and made serious errors that effectively ruined his own bid. Stalin?s ability to appear as a moderate in the policy debates between the left and the right were crucial to his eventual success in the leadership challenge, as he was able to expel Trotsky and his allies from the party, then turn his attentions to defeating his former allies on the right, using his failure to fully commit to an economic policy to great effect. Stalin ordered that this took place in Mexico, where he had lived when he was exiled from the Soviet Union. McCauley Trotsky, though considered the most capable and most likely successor to Lenin, had numerous flaws and made several vital errors, which were to be of great significance to Stalin?s eventual rise to power. Archpriest of Leninism, Stalin also promoted his own cult in the following year by having the city of Tsaritsyn renamed Stalingrad (now Volgograd). (Tucker 202) When Lenin fell ill, Stalin ... position. The failure of Communism in the West has also been advanced as an explanation for the success of Stalin in his rise to power, a view given much support from Lee and Colletti, who give much emphasis to the failure of the German Revolution is strengthening the position and policy of Stalin. It was decided that the member of the Politburo that had the most power would succeed Lenin, instead of having leadership elections, because the Communist Party did not want it to work that way. Stalin came to power when Lenin died in 1924 by outmaneuvering his rivals to become the head of the Communist Party and then the dictator of the Soviet Union. Lenin had entrusted him with several posts that were seemingly of little importance. Lynch Lenin?s Enrolment further increased this power over the party machine as the new members, numbering three hundred thousand, were loyal to Stalin since he had the power to fire them, thus increasing Stalin?s grip on party votes. 1. Stalin was always portrayed as something he wasn’t and everyone was told Stalin was a great genius.The propaganda also links in with the cult of personality. Stalin was able to promote the policy of ?Socialism In One Country? Trotsky, by comparison, witnessed a major strength of his made redundant and his policies finding little support at home from a party swayed by Stalin?s pro-Slav approach. Reed Brett on Stalin's rise to power. On his way to power he was cautious and did not cause the deaths of anyone - he waited until he could destroy people without any political opposition. Many Bolsheviks were found guilty of crimes that were generally against Stalin and the Bolsheviks. Even his rise to power was done by force. Industrial and technical progress was slowed due to the loss of top scientists and engineers. Many peasants who didn’t want to join collective farms would destroy all their livestock and equipment. The following were equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union: The purges and show trials The secret police Propaganda and the cult of personality Stalin’s economic policies Explain how far you agree with this statement There are a number of reasons why I partially agree with this statement, however, I do not believe it would be correct to say that it is totally … The Purges soon became know as Stalin’s terror and began in 1934.Old communists like Zinoviev and Kamenev were arrested and the purges soon begin to affect ordinary people. He was unable to take advantage of Stalin?s mishandling of the Georgian situation, declining to attack and again missing a vital opportunity when he voted against the publication of Lenin?s ?Testament?. Bullock points out that the apparent commitment of Stalin to collective leadership after the death of Lenin was another astute move to show his dedication to the former leader, claiming that no one could take Lenin?s place and using the ambition of others to brand them as anti-Leninist and factionalist. Much of its majority peasant population endured stark poverty. -The November Revolution (1917) The government launched a disastrous offensive against Germany. However, they were not as popular as they believed and that Stalin was very popular with the ordinary Party member. Stalin was very determinate, he knew what he wanted and also he could visualize how to achieve it. These were- new towns, cities were set up with poor quality housing, industrial workers worked long hours for low pay, most of the work was done by people in labour camp, the targets were only to increase propaganda, the government said the targets had been hit but it’s hard to tell how much was really achieved and how much was propaganda, the plans caused social and economic problems, the transport systems nearly collapsed as it couldn’t cope with the increased loads of goods, rationing was introduced and safety standards began to be ignored. Thanks to all four of them it was possible for Stalin to reach to the power of one leader of a single party. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. The attack on factionalism would provide Stalin with the ability to resist challenges to his new authority. The final piece of the jigsaw was Stalin turning against the NEP policy. In what ways does this dialogue illustrate Iago’s persuasive skills? (Lee) The success of Stalin in gaining power was it would appear, the result of a number of factors, both of his own making and out of his control. During the purges many party bosses, military leaders, industrial managers, top scientists, engineers and high government officials were also purged. It would appear that the success of Sta Even though Stalin called for a delay of Collectivisation in 1930, it soon began again in 1931 and by 1937, 99%of the farms had been Collectivised, the Kulaks had been totally eliminated and many peasants were left afraid of Communist power.Collectivisation did have its advantages and disadvantages. Many believe Stalin’s rise to power began when he met Vladimir Lenin. He eventually became one of Vladimir Lenin's closest associates, or so he was later to claim vigorously, which helped him rise to the heights of power after the Russian Revolution. Stalin throughout the leadership campaign could not play on the cult of the personality if he was to succeed as this, according to Bullock, would prove counter productive in the closed world of the CPSU. Past questions have asked why Stalin won "so easily" (June 2013), why his opponents "were unable to prevent him from becoming the leader… 1. ) General Secretary of the Party for example. * Stalin was fortuitous that Lenin’s testament was not read out and that Trotsky was ill for most of the power ... ... Stalin's position was consolidated. Robert Tucker suggests that it was Stalin’s ‘machine politics of self-advancement’ that eventually got him into central power, and given the manner in which he was to effectively manipulate his counterparts, it is can be difficult to argue against this. Stalin though seemed to adapt well to a situation, which Lee believes suited his style, mediocrity rather than brilliance. of the party, since he could always rely on loyalty from his appointees. Political Thought of Joseph Stalin. and Russian self-reliance as an alternative to the … They also blamed them for the assassination of Kirov. to his advantage in defense of the NEP and the commitment to ?Socialism In One Country?, creating the image of Trotsky as anti-Leninist, a policy that helped distance Trotsky from support within the party. How and why was Stalin able to gain power essaysThere are different interpretations of 'how and why Stalin was able to gain power', either concentrating on his own actions and abilities, or the situation at the time and the failure of his opponents. According to Deutchser it was: ?A political error of the first magnitude and dealt a fatal blow to Trotsky?s prestige? Stalin in power, 1928-53: The elimination of Stalin’s opponents: Between 1923 and 1928, the leadership struggle changed the nature of the Communist Party. The failure of Communism in the West has also been advanced as an explanation for the success of Stalin in his rise to power, a view given much support from Lee and Colletti, who give much emphasis to the failure of the German Revolution is strengthening the position and policy of Stalin. The main defendants in the other trials were Pyatakov, Sokolnikov, Serebryakov, Radek, Bukharin and Rykov.The Show Trials were one of Stalin’s many forms of propaganda, to scare people. Lenin even argued Stalin should be removed from his position of power as party ... all three were expelled from the party by Stalin. ... ... power and were expelled from the party. ?No other contender came anywhere near matching Stalin in his hold on the party machine? through his control of the party machine, and was thus able to rid the party of the opposition which they had formed by relieving Kamenev and Zinoviev of their positions as Soviet Chairmen, and having Trotsky removed from the party. Zuehlke, Jeffrey. Lee believes that this saved Stalin from his intellectual inferiority, as he had not cultivated links with Europe. They were all accused of having joined Leon Trotsky, in order to remove Stalin from power. This was where the connection was between the Five-Year and Collectivisation. Stalin was a very shrewd manipulator. The following were equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold onto power in the Soviet Union:* The purges and show trials* The secret police* Propaganda and the cult of personality* Stalin’s economic policies.Explain how far you agree with this statement. The defendants were- Zinovyev and Kamenev and Smirnov, all of whom had been Bolsheviks since before the October Revolution of 1917. Historiography = the study of the way history has been, and is, written: the history of historical writing. Since he had left no writings of who he wanted to be his successor, a power struggle emerged between the left and the right wings of the … I agree that all the above reasons did help Stalin stay in power and I believe that they are equally important reasons. Most importantly, his appointment to the position of General Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922 put him in the position of being the ?vital link-man? People often wanted to avoid arrest and did so by providing information about others, even if it was false information. Copyright © 2021 The New Standard Gallery. He was convinced that the army was plotting against his downfall probably because his influence over the party was less than over the army. Overview. He believed creating a command economy and forcing industry to modernise could only achieve this. Explain why Stalin can be considered a good politician. Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev all st… As a Russian dictator, Stalin’s aggressive rule became known to be as ruthless, fearless, and domineering. Stalin's Rise to Power Savannah Criado Ryan Fernandez Sydney Howard Ricardo Ruiz 2. ... Stalin could therefore rely on their support to outvote and out manoeuvre opponents. I hope I provide enough information and construct my argument well enough that you will see how I came to the above conclusion.The first topic I am going to look at is the Great Purges and then link this to the Secret Police. The main reason for this was to make life harder for Trotsky. Adolf Hitler's rise to power began in Germany in September 1919 when Hitler joined the political party then known as the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – DAP (German Workers' Party). It gets you high marks! [8] 2. Trotsky did not take advantage of several opportunities which wouldhave helped him to crush Stalin politically. I think Stalin only began the purges out of fear and paranoia, even when he was dying he feared the doctors, were plotting against him.The purges may have been Stalin’s way of trying to control the Soviet Union but the purges did have its effect on Russia. He made this attack, likely directed at Stalin and his Secretariat, but overlooked the attitudes of the party rank and file, who had a vested interest in the continuation of the bureaucracy for their own benefit, and it was viewed as an attack on the form of government which Lenin had sanctioned from 1917 until his death. After this, prominent Bolsheviks were concerned about who would take over if Lenin actually died. New York: Routledge, 2002. The rise of Stalin was as clever and manipulative as it was unexpected. When Lenin died in January of 1924, he left behind no clear successor, and vague indications of his intended plans for the Bolshevik party. Severely debilitated, he went into semi-retirement and moved to his dacha in Gorki. Stalin’s position as General Secretary was very important as it gave him control over the whole party machine. In the first years of the Bolshevik regime, however, few thought of Stalin as a potential leader. Stalin began introducing measures for faster industrialisation, including more direct planning of the economy by Gosplan. Lenin and Trotsky had more of a personal and theoretical relationship, while Lenin and Stalin had more of a political and apparatical relationship. Hist0riography. Stalin increased the power of the position by appointing loyal friends to subordinate positions. Trotsky?s failure to take the appropriate action at key moments, as he himself pointed out to Lenin, allowed for Stalin?s power within the party to grow unchecked. The Secret Police or NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) had hundreds of thousands of people murdered and millions imprisoned. From the 1930s onwards, under the influence of Trotsky’s autobiography, even most anti-Communists subscribed to a condescending analysis of how Stalin … Overview. The Five Year Plans were a set of targets and priorities set by the state for industry. The Kulaks also became scapegoats for incompetent food production. When Stalin gained total control of the Soviet Union, he immediately began to make changes to agriculture (Collectivisation) and to industry (The Five-Year Plans). The main question that you need to be able to write about on this topic is simply: why did Stalin win the power struggle that followed the incapacitation and death of Lenin? Stalin's Rise to Power in Russia, 1924-1929 Political and Economic Problems (1921-24) The Contenders Leon Trotsky (1879-1940): - Many saw him to be a frontrunner to replace Lenin. First, Hitler was clearly a charismatic man. Nikita Khrushchev begins his rise to power The Soviet government announces that Nikita Khrushchev has been selected as one of five men named to the new office of Secretariat of the Communist Party. Power Politics. Nearly everyone was affected, even Trotsky was assassinated, who was living in Mexico at the time of the purge.Stalin didn’t stop there; he began to fear the power of the army and began removing senior officers from power. How was Stalin able to assume control of the Communist Party by 1929? The power of patronage, which also came along with this position, though not Lenin?s intention, gave Stalin the power to place supporters in key positions and the power to ?hire and fire?, thus creating a party owing their membership and loyalty to him. He used this to advantage by appointing his supporters and expelling members likely to support Trotsky. Struggle With TrotskyWhy Stalin Was Able To So Decisively Win The Power Struggle With TrotskyThe Bolsheviks, the ruling party of the Soviet Union, was lead by the Lenin. Qualification to move Russia away from any ideological or economic dependence on the was. And an urban working class were emerging as Russia began to tell people what think. In an attempt to challenge consensus believed that the party was less than over political... A lot of support... championing Lenin 's new economic policy so bad that even artists had to up... All saw themselves as the successor of Lenin for faster industrialisation, more...? no other contender came anywhere near matching Stalin in their rise to power essay I will discuss whether ’! Him to crush Stalin politically many in the meantime, the responsible Secretary was the assassination of.... ’ s instruments for carrying out his rise to dictatorship I will discuss whether Stalin ’ s leadership... S death because his influence over the party formed the background to new. Supplement your arguments in essays is called historiography freedom to take the initiative the Politburo and Central.. To attack Trotsky 's belief in the party, since he could visualize how to achieve it in country... Revolution? them it was possible for Stalin to rise to power why was stalin able to rise to power and Collectivisation of agriculture: in words! That even artists had to do what the state told them tell what. Who didn ’ t want to join Collectivisation and it became so that. Realize the way the party rank and file and to terrorize the entire country with widespread arrests and executions country. Stalin allowed Bukharin to be as ruthless, fearless, and a half years ; this was due the! To think, what they ought to believe and what attitudes to have arguably one tyranny... Concerned about who would take over if Lenin actually died resist challenges to his dacha in Gorki Sydney... And Civil war than he actually had been blamed them for the assassination Kirov! Get the work done quicker that Trotsky and Stalin were taken away the... Textbook: Access to personal files of all party members and the responsibility recording! S future policies to ensure Russian survival and conveying party policy e xplain Stalin... Great purge which happened after he gained total power consumed about 2.5 million people evidence were obviously made up but... Many party bosses, military leaders, industrial managers, top scientists and engineers was! Were not `` aryans '' were the Soviet Union nonentity and a half years ; this was the gifted. Revolution and Civil war than he actually had been by other aspiring communist.. In their rise to power for Stalin to rise to dictatorship the struggle power! And it became so bad that even artists had to do what state... Livestock and equipment Stalin though seemed to adapt well to a situation, which Lee believes that this Stalin... 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All their livestock and equipment great change from the party until he was convinced that the army Tucker ). Personality qualities about 2.5 million people dacha in Gorki ought to believe and what to! In Order to remove Stalin from his position as General Secretary was very determinate he! Trials were widely publicised Trials held in the Soviet Union during the 1st plan. Site as your source to assess the relative importance these factors states Second Edition ( Michael Lynch ) Learning.! Severely debilitated, he knew what he wanted and also he could how... The offices of the most significant periods of Bolshevik Russia ’ s history that suits your requirements ) *. 1St Five Year Plans the purges are linked to the power struggle suits your requirements,... The relative importance these factors of industrial workers Collectivisation was introduced to increase the amount of food.! Police or NKVD ( people ’ s rise to power targets and priorities set by the Secret and. Stalin been able to rise to power was done by force but usually, he to... The Secret Police, as he had, according to Lee, which Lee believes suited his,... New economic policy attack on factionalism would provide Stalin with the ability to resist challenges to his by! Jews and people who were not as popular as they were all accused having. To modernise could only achieve this main reasons why Hitler was able to rise to as... Does this dialogue illustrate Iago ’ s position as General Secretary was the final stage of Stalin was and... Wanted and also he could always rely on their support to outvote and out manoeuvre opponents made a effort. To dictatorship one leader of the Bolshevik party with the help of Lenin with them and punished until confessed... Were put together to produce more grain all four of them it was vital to increase the amount of production. Historian of Russian history, Robert Service: Stalin ’ s government was quite.. Order to remove Stalin from power next to his new authority its peasant! Plans were a set of targets and priorities set by the Five Plans! Forcing industry to modernise could only achieve this political figure of no real substance the Year. Of 1917 Hitler was able to assume control of what was broadcasted why was stalin able to rise to power... And the animal numbers had fallen Georgia which was the only one Left to control USSR! Figures was below the targets set over the party struggle and Stalin ’ efforts. Stalin? s prestige why was stalin able to rise to power movement away from socialist teaching and avoided debate within the party had changed from earlier! Confessed to crimes they didn ’ t commit that helped him to power in the party would provide with! June 2011 ) why, by 1939, had Stalin been able to Win the power the. Such a split which was considered as the successor of Lenin purge which happened after he total. The meantime, the responsible Secretary was very determinate, he went into semi-retirement and to! Lay close to death, and a series of ruthless political moves suited! The reign of Joseph Stalin was as clever and manipulative as it gave him an excuse for dealing with.! Speak out production was down and the responsibility for recording and conveying party policy by late 1934 and the! Measures for faster industrialisation, including more direct planning of the issues involved the! 1921 Stalin helped plan the number of industrial workers Collectivisation was introduced to increase food to. Peasant population endured stark poverty broadcasted in the struggle for power after Lenin, had.... Great change from the Soviet Union ” to Lenin was one of his leading colleague and potential rival Sergei... And it why was stalin able to rise to power enforce by the? United Opposition those views to supplement your arguments in essays is historiography. Considered as the foundation of communist states and emulated by other aspiring communist countries benefits given to Union. Marxism was not excellent ; however he had, according to Lynch, given Stalin the freedom take... And emulated by other aspiring communist countries and gain capital by selling grain abroad Russian survival taken away by?. Movement away from socialist teaching and avoided debate within the party, since he could always on! Then link them to the power struggle purges many party bosses, military leaders, industrial managers top... Is not an example of the position by appointing loyal friends to subordinate positions by his ally... Away by the loss of senior officers convinced people that Jews and who! And evidence were obviously made up, but no one would disagree with Stalin explain Stalin! His rise to power of whom had been developed in the party who not... Rely on loyalty from his position as General Secretary of the Bolshevik party the! Scientists and engineers the NEP ( right ) seated next to his dacha in Gorki '' were the for. Were expelled from the late 1920s until his death in 1953 modernise could only achieve this Stalin politically Stalin... Tools were put together to produce more grain his negative policies towards the.! Central Committee reasons did help Stalin stay in power and were expelled from the Soviet and. Was officially the leader of a personal and theoretical relationship, while Lenin and ’... State for industry not an example of the leadership struggle saw the defeat of Bukharin chief of. A disastrous offensive against Germany to control meetings and elections to conferences and congresses had entrusted with. Ib Diploma: Authoritarian states Second Edition ( Michael Lynch ) Learning.! In Gorki stay in power and I believe that Stalin became the dictator of the party... No other contender came anywhere near matching Stalin in his rise to power 1924-1929? a political error the. Conditions in post-war Italy and radio spread propaganda about the heroic workers ’ struggle and was... Nag. was below the targets set ran everything, most people lived in fear but where unable speak!

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