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    santeria gods list

    Olodumare is the source of ashe, which all living things must have in order to survive and succeed, including the orishas. Obatalá, the goddess of creation and peace, dresses in white and associated with the Virgen de la Merced (the Virgin of Mercy). A variety of deities (called orishas or orichas) are worshipped by Santeros. Olofi is the third manifestion of God. There are many other such deities and lesser spirits also worsh… Most of the Greek Gods and Goddesses were adopted by the ancient Romans, although in most cases there was a change of name. These are the orisha you pray to and offer sacrifice and food, alcohol, offerings. She is associated with Our Lady of Regla, the protector of sailors. If you include nicknames, official titles and honorifics, some gods have hundreds of names! Oshun is the seductive orisha of love and marriage and fertility, and she rules the genitals and the lower abdomen. Come and visit us at the Carribean and get to know the Santeria Religion. Yemaya is the orisha of lakes and seas and the patron of women and of motherhood. Catherine Beyer is a practicing Wiccan who has taught religion in at Lakeland College in Wisconsin as well as humanities and Western culture at the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay. Fans, seashells, canoes, coral, and the moon all represent her. He was the first owner of the Table of Ifá. It is a syncretic religion that comprises elements of both Yoruba (West African) tradition and Roman Catholicism. However, many of their clients are also Catholic, and they understand that such clients better identify with these beings under the guise of the saintly counterparts. Goddesses Of Yoruba Mythology. Orisha Shrines – photos of Santeria style shrines for many Orishas. The Yoruba people are based in Nigeria, Benin and Togo. Some say she is the ultimate ruler of fire but allows Chango to use it. Some describe the orishas as being manifestations or aspects of Olodumare. Ogún – … Elegua, the playful messenger of the gods… It made little sense or practicality for a slave community to focus on a single orisha in that scenario. for the guidance of all creation and of humanity in particular, on how to live and be successful on Àiyé (Earth). He is the patron of hunters even though Osain himself has given up the hunt. In Africa, however, there was no such familiarity between orishas, in part because their followers were not strongly connected. In the New World, Africans from many city-states were thrown together into common slavery. Ancestor worship: Christians worship God alone. She is a goddess of transitions and change. Orunla, or Orunmila, is the wise orisha of divination and human destiny. Instead, one of the roles of the priests of Santeria is to apply applicable patakis to the situation at hand. Gods of Santeria – Orisha These gods of Santeria have different abilities and powers. Priests were trained to work with multiple orishas instead of being exclusively dedicated to a single one. Other times they are birthed as higher beings. For example, it is much more common for a practitioner of Santeria to call Babalú Ayé by the name Saint Lazarus. His colors are green and yellow. The orishas are the gods of Santeria, the beings that believers interact with on a regular basis. Thus Orunla has the knowledge of the ultimate destiny of each soul, which is an important facet of Santeria practice. While other orishas have different "paths," or aspects to them, Orunla has only one. In one tale, the orishas decided that they no longer needed Olodumare. He also looks out for the home. Oshún – Our Lady of Charity of Cobre. And like the saints, you can find an orisha for anything that ails you. Difference between Yoruba òrìṣà worship and what is practiced among Afro-Hispanics Followers of Santeria make animal sacrifices to their gods. In the New World, these beings are commonly seen as family: they marry each other, give birth to others, and so forth. When the Orishas grant a request, the drums are played in thanksgiving and in joy. In the original African belief system from which Santeria originates, there are hundreds of orishas . The Orishas: Aganyu, Babalu-Aye, Chango, and Eleggua, The God of Wealth and Other Deities of Prosperity and Money, Key Nature Goddesses From Around the World, Satanic Infernal Names of Biblical and Hebraic Origin, The Five Element Symbols of Fire, Water, Air, Earth, Spirit, Faravahar, the Winged Symbol of Zoroastrianism, Geometric Shapes and Their Symbolic Meanings, M.A., History, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Humans provide ashe through blood or other ritual actions, and the orisha becomes a conduit of ashe from Olodumare to the petitioner to assist in the petitioner's endeavors. The more love and respect given to all the gods, the greater their protection. As such, there is no concern about the literal truth of these tales or the fact that tales my contradict one another. the Virgin Mary, and Jesus of Nazareth); 3. In many ways, therefore, understanding an orisha is like understanding another human being. The number of orishas varies among believers. In the native religion of the Yoruba people, Orisha (spelled òrìṣà in the Yoruba language, orichá in Cuban practice and orixá in Brazilian practice of Latin America) are spirits sent by Olodumare. The word "santería", often used by colonial Europeans to describe the religion of Africans whose origins are Yoruba (present-day Nigeriaand its surrounding environments), can be loosely translated from Spanish as "way of the saints". Everything in Santeria is done to the beat of the sacred drums. The orishas rule over every aspect of nature and human endeavor. . The Orishas are Olodumare’s eldest children and have been imbued with a portion of Her aché. The Seven African Powers refer to the seven Orishas that we call upon in times of need. 1st Corinthians 10:20 “But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.” After reading this, go read these: Santeria: A mix of African Voodoo and Catholicism and Santeria: A mix of … Her color is maroon. Not surprisingly, she wears blue and white, and is associated with the Virgen de Regla. We have tried to collect as many Holy Aliases as possible. He is the one who communicates most directly with the Orichas, teaching them what humans need to know to lead healthful, moral, respectful lives on Earth. She is also a warrior, sometimes depicted as putting on pants or even a beard to go to war, particularly at Chango's side. Osain is a nature orisha, ruling over forests and other wild areas as well as herbalism and healing. A water deity is a deity in mythology associated with water or various bodies of water. Most Òrìṣà are said to have previously existed in the spirit world (òrún) as Irumole, and then become incarnated as human beings here on Earth. To move contrary to it creates discord, so believers look for insight as to their destiny and what they might currently be doing that runs contrary to that. Anna Jedrziewski, New Age Retailer, September 2010 "Loaded with stories that provide entertainment and unique perspectives, Teachings of the Santeria Gods is an excellent book for those looking to learn about Santeria or African folklore." Olodumare relented and returned the water to the world, and the peacock transformed into a vulture. They take the worshippers' messages to the Orishas. Olorun is the owner of Heaven, known as Orun. A priest could only be dedicated to that single orisha of the city, and that orisha was honored above all others. There is also a more removed being known as Olodumare, who created the orishas but later retreated from his creations. Sometimes they are depicted as once-mortal figures, often leaders, who were elevated by Olodumare to divinity. Orunla was present at the creation of humanity and the forging of souls. In the table below is a list of the Greek Gods and Heroes and their Roman equivalents: Greek Name Roman Name Role Zeus Jupiter King of the Gods Hera Juno Goddess of […] They worship Chango, Obatala or Oshun as they kneel in church. St. Philip and St. Joseph are also sometimes equated with Orunla. The slaves smile and lie. The demon-gods of Vodun, the religion of the Yoruba The Vodun religion has numerous names: Voodoo, Santeria, Kongo, Macumba, Umbanda, Quimbanda, Candomble, Palo, etc. rounding out this partial list is Bacoso, the king and founder of … They are called orisha. She is also associated with tuberculosis and intestinal disorders. In the original African belief system from which Santeria originates, there are hundreds of orishas. The best source of ashe is in sacrificial blood, which is why animal sacrifice plays such a prominent role in Santeria. The first book to explore the sacred myths of Santería • Includes more than 100 myths, stories, and histories about the odu and the orishas • Reassembles the oral fragments from the African diaspora into coherent stories • Demonstrates that the African peoples, specifically the Yoruba, were deeply spiritual At the core of the diloggún--the sacred divination system of S Fire, a lance, a black horsetail, or a copper crown with nine points all represent Oya, who is also associated with copper in general. Santeria Vodun Yoruba ... the transcendent, one, great God who rules and sustains the universe. Yemayá rules the ocean and is the goddess of motherhood. Orunla is most commonly associated with St. Francis of Assisi, although the reasons are not obvious. The Orichas act as intermediaries between human beings and God. She is associated with Our Lady of Candlemas, St. Teresa and Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Santeria teaches that there is one main god who is not knowable. Elegguá – Saint Anthony or the Holy Infant of Atocha. Iku is the spirit of death. Often depicted with their images linked together in a chain circling an image of the crucified Jesus, these deities represent all that is sacred and powerful in Santeria. Oya rules the dead and is involved with the ancestors, cemeteries, and the wind. The number of orishas varies among believers. Even if a priest of one orisha died, there would be others in the community trained to work with that same orisha. The Orishas: Orunla, Osain, Oshun, Oya, and Yemaya, The Orishas: Aganyu, Babalu-Aye, Chango, and Eleggua, Ebbos in Santeria - Sacrifices and Offerings, An Introduction to the Basic Beliefs of the Vodou (Voodoo) Religion, Satanic Figures Across Multiple Religions, M.A., History, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. A pipe might also represent him. . As a result, the Cuban religion, Santeria, emerged, where the gods of the Yoruba tribes were combined with Christian saints, and were worshiped as such. The purpose of these stories today is to teach lessons rather than relate some literal truth. The first book to explore these ancient African stories in English, Teachings of the Santería Gods recounts more than 100 of these sacred parables, including many stories reassembled from the oral tradition of the African diaspora. Each orisha has its own distinct personality and has a wide variety of strengths, weaknesses, and interests. They believe in the white god and saints as well. The Magical Buffet, October 2010 “Two words sum up Teachings of the Santeria Gods: Spirit of the Odu. Their religion dates back to the Stone Age, but was influenced by the spread of … Many legendary characters have more than one name. To save the parched world Oshun transformed into a peacock and ascended to Olodumare's realm to beg his forgiveness. She is also associated with rivers and other sources of fresh water. The orishas are the gods of Santeria, the beings that believers interact with on a regular basis. Olorun: These religions have one supreme "god" Olorun, the source of "ashe", the spiritual … In the original African belief system from which Santeria originates, there are hundreds of orishas. It is understood that the orishas wear many masks in order for people to better understand them. Ochún(identified with the Virgin Mary and St. Philomena). She is also often understood to be the older sister of Oshun, who oversees the rivers. A peacock feather, fan, mirror, or boat may represent her, and her colors are red, green, yellow, coral, amber, and violet. In that sense, they work more like Western pantheons like those of the Greeks or Romans. Updated March 07, 2017 The orishas are the gods of Santeria, the beings that believers interact with on a regular basis. There is no expectation that each community would function exactly alike or understand the orishas in exactly the same way. Humans and orishas, however, provide ashe to each other through a variety of rituals. Orisha-worshiping religions are religions of practice rather than belief. In many ways, therefore, understanding an orisha is like understanding another human being. The orishas are equated with a variety of Catholic saints. His colors are green, red, white and yellow. Teachings Of The Santeria Gods ( 0 reviews ) Drawing from diloggun, or the sacred divination of Santeria, Teachings of the Santeria Gods taps into the rich stories of Yoruba, African culture to provide parables for living for those in all paths of life. The primary ones are: 1. Orishas (Deities) Worshiped in Yorubaland – a list compiled for the Old Naija blog of deities worshiped in Nigeria and surrounding areas. The saint is a mask of the orisha, and it does no work the other way around. Obatalá (identified with Our Lady of Mercy, a.k.a. We have 33 individual gods listed in the Yoruba pantheon of gods and spirits. For the full alphabetical list of alternative names, check out Godchecker's list of Caribbean deity names. Yemayá – Our Lady of Regla. is only one god. Eleguá(identified with St. Michael, St. Anthony of Padua, or the Holy Child of Atocha); 2. According to Lefever (1996, cited by Burgman, C.), there were originally hundreds of gods, however nowadays only 16 are known, each of which is associated with a Catholic figure: Agayú and Saint Christopher; Babalú Ayé and Saint Lazarus, Eleguá and Saint Anthony of Padua; Ibeji and Saint Damian; Inhle and Saint Raphael Each orisha has its own distinct personality and has a wide variety of strengths, weaknesses, and interests. It is an Afro-Caribbean religion that emerged out of Spanish colonialization of Cuba. New World Santeria believers, on the other hand, generally only work with a handful of them. Contrary to many mythologies showing nature gods and wild and untamed, Osain is a distinctly rational figure. This helped the religion to survive. Oshun is associated with Our Lady of Charity, an aspect of the Virgin Mary focused on hope and survival, particularly in relation to the sea. These gods of Santeria or orisha are assigned to different people. Chiyidi controls nightmares and used to be an evil entity (see Nightmare). Working toward one's destiny is to promote harmony. Her colors are white and blue. They have been tasked with maintaining this Earth, watching over the affairs of humanity and each has dominion over a portion of nature. Changó(identified with St. Barbara and St. Jerome); 5. Santeros (Santeria priests) do not believe that the orishas and the saints are identical. . The drum is the music of the African gods. The Lukumi Pantheon – an article by Willie Ramos with a list of Orishas worshiped by the Lukumi/Santeria and associated sects. Our Lady of Charity is also the patron saint of Cuba, where Santeria originates. Gods are often known by several names. Instead, he is consulted through various divination methods. The number of orishas varies among believers. As such, the orishas came to be regarded as roughly equals as cultures mixed. She is also an orisha of mystery, reflected in the depths of her waters. 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The peacock transformed into a vulture these stories today is to promote harmony Atocha!

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