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    human trafficking, nigeria to italy

    Inches IOM also trained reception center staff on victim identification. In Italy, almost all of them are Nigerian women. uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 3/pvxf8AzzWkp1klOD9Z+s29LdiV13DGrs9W6+0tDiKqWtlrAZ9xdY3skp5rD+tvUs/qVOLjevSb Comfort, who was arrested by the police in Ogun State, said her husband, who lived in Italy, received the trafficked girls. KaPWumftjp1mB6no+oWnft3RtcHcbm+Hikp5HO+pWF02ttud1UUsc7a1zqCZMTGlp8ElNL9h/V// KUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSnJ6z/yj0L/ANOFn/tjnpKV9U//ABK9G/8ATfi/ Ob1b6sfVuvP6KyvpOCxt2c9ljW41QD2jDzX7XAM1G5gPxCSnS+qf/iV6N/6b8X/zzWkp1klKSUpJ Efforts to combat trafficking in human beings focus on the cooperation among law enforcement agencies, in particular on a bilateral level, in the field of organised crime and irregular migration. SklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/+JXo uuid:fe30814f-90d4-41a5-b181-1c040a0d8d51 The government granted 270 residence permits to victims in 2018 under Article 18, a decline from 418 in 2017 and 340 in 2016. The government also offered a single payment of €1,500 ($1,720) to victims, although NGOs noted the application procedure was overly complex and the amount insufficient. SUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/+JXo3/pv s/8AYd3/AKUSUr9h/V//AMvWf+w7v/SiSlfsP6v/APl6z/2Hd/6USUr9h/V//wAvWf8AsO7/ANKJ 300.00 Inches 300.00 There were no investigations or prosecutions of government employees complicit in trafficking offenses. 0okpzerfWf6t2Z/RX19WwXtpznvsc3JqIY04eazc4h+g3PA+JSU//9k= Specialized anti-mafia units handled trafficking prosecutions. The government indicted 139 defendants under the trafficking law, compared to 73 in 2017. AAAAAAABAAIDBAUGBwgJCgsQAAEEAQMCBAIFBwYIBQMMMwEAAhEDBCESMQVBUWETInGBMgYUkaGx ReferenceStream Other significant destinations include the Netherlands and Spain, and, to a lesser degree, Germany, Belgium, Austria, and the United Kingdom. The DEO, as coordinator of the interagency steering committee on trafficking, was responsible for drafting the national action plan. Inches In 2018, authorities investigated 314 persons for trafficking, compared to 482 in 2017. “Libya is a black hole at present, from a humanitarian point of view – all migrants arriving from Libya have faced violence and human rights violations,” said Flavio Di Giacomo, a spokesperson for the IOM in Italy. Italy has an estimated 1.5 million unregistered workers, who were particularly vulnerable to … The government extended the availability of government-funded programs for assistance for victims to 15 months duration. Most recently, on January 25, Italy's Gazzetta del Sud newspaper reported that five people had been arrested, accused of human trafficking, prostituting minors and slavery charges. pJSklKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/2xz0lK+qf/AIlejf8Apvxf/PNaSnWSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKS NGOs and the DEO recognized inconsistencies in the efficiency and effectiveness of the current referral process between regions and found that quality standards were lower in the south. The government allotted €11.1 million ($12.73 million), in addition to €11.9 million ($13.65 million) from the European Commission, for initiatives aimed at preventing and fighting labor exploitation and combating illicit labor brokers. The government had not appointed a rapporteur. f/7C0/8ApNJSv+af1V/8pun/APsLT/6TSUr/AJp/VX/ym6f/AOwtP/pNJSv+af1V/wDKbp//ALC0 NGOs also cited continued challenges in adapting to changing dynamics and methods of traffickers and the need for improved coordination on anti-trafficking strategies between national government ministries, international organizations, and ground-level NGOs, as well as increased cooperation by local police and prosecutors. In 2009, Italy signed agreements with third countries including Algeria, Nigeria and Libya. lKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/2xz0lK+qf/AIlejf8Apvxf/PNaSnWSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJS uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 High-level officials met with representatives from Niger, Libya, Tunisia, Sudan, Ghana, and Nigeria, but Italian prosecutors and police continued to cite insufficient cooperation in investigations from officials in source and transit countries. Human trafficking gangs Nigerian have sent thousands of women into the sex market within Italy, Spain and the Netherlands. adobe:docid:indd:064a06b3-bfa4-11de-9cf8-b426a03d0e2f uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Bl3I/tJKdVJSklKSUpJTk9Z/5R6F/wCnCz/2xz0lK+qf/iV6N/6b8X/zzWkp1klKSUpJSklKSUpJ Labor traffickers operate in agriculture, predominantly in southern Italy, and in construction, household labor, hospitality, and restaurants mainly in the north. MjsyMjIyOzs7Ozs7Ozs7Ozs7Ozs7OztAQEBAQDtAQEBAQEBAQEBAQEBAQEBAQEBAQED/wAARCAEA 8gs9F11FO0isQNtbTYWtlojjjRJTvs6XRRj04mM2tlVDBWwPZvIA89zfmkpc9OG3btp42H9GYLdI Victims originate primarily from Nigeria and other African countries, China, and Eastern Europe, and include ethnic Roma. According to NGOs and pro bono lawyers, many victims applied for asylum upon arrival rather than protection as a victim of trafficking, either through pressure from their trafficker or believing that asylum status afforded greater freedoms, more immediate access to employment and services, and long-term residency. Upon identification by authorities during initial screening upon arrival, trafficking victims were eligible for shelter in specialized facilities and could extend their temporary residence permit if employed or enrolled in a job training program. Many also attempt passage to other European countries. p5pEvA9o80lIIyr6xDmbC2Q5u5pfPE6e0eMH7klMaLbW3+nY6S4wZ8YnTnXTgaAc6pKbiSnyjoX1 Textile factories exploit Chinese and other victims in Milan, Prato, Rome, and Naples. 300.00 300.00 Prosecutors continued their program with 22 African countries bringing African prosecutors to work alongside Italian prosecutors for six months of training, enhancing cooperation between Italy and source countries. NGOs, prosecutors, and local officials praised the contribution of trained cultural mediators hired by the government or provided by government-funded NGOs, for their skill in communicating with migrants and victims. K/5q/V//ALhM+93/AJJJSv8Amr9X/wDuEz73f+SSUr/mr9X/APuEz73f+SSUr/mr9X/+4TPvd/5J The arrests also lead to the dismantling of the group that was allegedly operating in Nigeria, Libya and Italy. AAIRAxEAPwDrfqx9WPq3kfVvpN9/ScG223Bxn2WPxqnOc51TC5znFkkkpKdL/mn9Vf8Aym6f/wCw The reduction in arrival and admission of irregular migrants by 80 percent compared to 2017 may have contributed to the lower number of investigations and arrests in 2018. NGOs, the EU, and the Catholic Church projected that the government’s September decree tightening the availability of humanitarian protections for certain asylum-seekers could result in increased trafficking risks for irregular migrants already residing in Italy. For nearly three decades, a thriving sex-trafficking industry has been operating between Nigeria and Italy. However, these efforts were not serious and sustained compared to the efforts during the previous reporting period. NGOs observed an increase in cooperation and information-sharing by law enforcement with NGOs, particularly in Rome, and particularly regarding new arrivals and minors from other European countries, although the level of police-NGO cooperation varied by region. This regulation likely increased the number of asylum seekers or trafficking victims now forced to remain in Italy, or return to Italy from another EU country. application/pdf q/8Alz0//wBiqf8A0okpX/Oz6q/+XPT/AP2Kp/8ASiSlf87Pqr/5c9P/APYqn/0okpX/ADs+qv8A According to Advocacy Project, Nigerian women make up 70 per cent of approximately 70,000 African victims of trafficking and about 70 percent of these Nigerian women end up in Italy. SiSlf87Pqr/5c9P/APYqn/0okpX/ADs+qv8A5c9P/wDYqn/0okpX/Oz6q/8Alz0//wBiqf8A0okp /wBsc9JSvqn/AOJXo3/pvxf/ADzWkp1klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU 30 July 2020: Trafficking in Persons remains one of the crimes that severely affect the West and Central Africa region. World Day against Trafficking in Persons: Nigerian liaison magistrates deployed in Italy and Spain strengthen international cooperation to prosecute cases of human trafficking. The government decreased overall protection efforts. Italian police have detained 10 Nigerians accused of running a human trafficking ring, Police say recruiters in Nigeria used voodoo rituals and promises of jobs to lure migrants to Italy GRETA also reported the guarantee of compensation for victims was inadequate and cited insufficient criminal and civil legal options for victims to pursue restitution from traffickers. NGOs, however, welcomed increased scrutiny by authorities of these age-claims, and authorities more often sent victims into child protection if unable to confirm adult age-status. Undercover CNN reporters, who posed as would-be migrants traveling from Nigeria to Italy in 2018, discovered that the Edo State in Nigeria is one of the largest human trafficking departure points in Africa. �F��k4j�k�A�"Y�6ch��H��h:�J?w^h��l�"P��J�o}�*�J�N��8^�d�V��E`�H��H�b�1� ��� "� �D(A���J�XE�"�?$IxN����@\ �d,�OV��"A�`������a�p�e���Aj:�H}F���Aҟ�C�w���g�n�y�mU��9��֟�4?ÞĢއ�M�����,8�U��7��F����=g�+���d��. UkpSSlJKUkpyes/8o9C/9OFn/tjnpKV9U/8AxK9G/wDTfi/+ea0lOskpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJ Law enforcement agencies received training on victim identification and investigation of trafficking crimes within their standard curriculum. uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Inches 300.00 Inches 256 NGOs welcomed increased government funding for adding facilities, including for men, and for unaccompanied minors. Adobe InDesign CS3 (5.0) • Improve security standards in and around reception centers to limit contact between traffickers and victims or potential victims. uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 JSv2H9X/APy9Z/7Du/8ASiSlfsP6v/8Al6z/ANh3f+lElK/Yf1f/APL1n/sO7/0okpX7D+r/AP5e 300.00 300.00 300.00 c90lPRfsZhdLri4SCQaqYIH5p/R9xokpZnQ62WMsZcWlm0+2uoatDWkj9HoTH9ySkwwcmZOdcTrG uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 She added that she had been in the trade for a long time. UkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpyes/8o9C/9OFn/tjnpKV9U/8AxK9G/wDTfi/+ea0lOskpSSlJKUkpSSlJ xmp.iid:C5F702CF5C20DF11A93FEF919D9AC581 Often victims, controlled by their traffickers, refused self-identification as a victim of trafficking. EeoOElJmYeO0S6tpcRtcQIBB8pKSlfYcSZFTRMTAiYiJj4JKZ10U0mamBsiDCSmOW292O9uNHqmN 15 Trafficking Protocol, art 3. • Increase international cooperation with source and transit countries, especially Nigeria, Tunisia, and Libya, on information sharing and countering trafficking rings. Children received counseling and enrolled in public schools with the support of mentors. Many of these victims are trapped refugees who do not have enough money to finish traveling across the Mediterranean Sea into Europe. X/Oz6q/+XPT/AP2Kp/8ASiSlf87Pqr/5c9P/APYqn/0okpX/ADs+qv8A5c9P/wDYqn/0okpX/Oz6 The 2003 Measures Against Trafficking in Persons law criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of eight to 20 years’ imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious offenses, such as rape. Approximately 80 percent of trafficking victims are from Nigeria. uuid:1C438B5CE01ADF11BE1D8C109CBDDCCC H�|UPSg�7��`���v1�ܠ�UE���iT� �²(��� MB���k���QQvZ@��e-+�w�/bD]k�������������;s�?���w�����% A��{’����˵�J�*��'F�����s~[�����b9�A��.�\̢�h|��şK�J1w_Q�-��='���׈��N��g4�&hBL�!�` yp�6E������D���Sgd|}���f��,T�٣���T��pM�V���%Tis�YY��!�"F�W�� .9gc�B�5d�Sj�B�6d�t�d�N���0:U� KNSmJ�mThu����| Consistently assess risks and provide legal protections to all potential victims prior to any forced returns or expulsions, including where such persons have entered Italian territorial waters, and during operations assisted by the Italian government in Libyan search and rescue areas. uuid:7ff39a2c-8131-43ac-b880-d67adabba120 The data contained in the various government databases was not made public. /wBsc9JTm/Vj6z/VvH+rfSaL+rYNVtWDjMsrfk1Nc1zamBzXNL5BBSU6X/Oz6q/+XPT/AP2Kp/8A APYqn/0okpX/ADs+qv8A5c9P/wDYqn/0okpX/Oz6q/8Alz0//wBiqf8A0okpX/Oz6q/+XPT/AP2K p/8ASiSlf87Pqr/5c9P/APYqn/0okpX/ADs+qv8A5c9P/wDYqn/0okpX/Oz6q/8Alz0//wBiqf8A 300.00 suLRyJ9wBPCSmoa+psqFVNbWxoCbuAGwB/MpKZVM6iMgWWMYA76cPmGjsJZ/EJKb6SnhOm/VD60d Local governments provided additional funds to victim assistance programs, although the government did not report the amount. 72.00 SUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/ There was no coordinated national government effort to reduce the demand for commercial sex. Children represented nearly 11 percent of all victims receiving assistance, many being boys forced to beg or commit robbery. ZeLys4TD03Xj80aUpIW0lcTU5PSltcXV5fVWZnaGlqa2xtbm9ic3R1dnd4eXp7fH1+f3/9oADAMB According to IOM counter-trafficking teams, 80 per cent of Nigerian … While NGOs and international organizations referred many victims for government assistance, the government did not consistently assess risks to potential victims prior to forced returns or expulsions to countries where victims would face retribution or hardship. • Vigorously investigate and prosecute trafficking cases and convict and sentence traffickers with adequate sentences. Traffickers often offer women and minors to travel to Europe with promises of good jobs, with an agreement of … NGOs cited shelters for unaccompanied minors were insufficient in number given the large need. The government maintained prevention efforts. NGOs continued to stress the need for longer time periods for screening of migrants at arrival ports to more accurately ascertain victim status, but they acknowledged conditions were not conducive to a stay there beyond one or two days. Police arrested 99 suspected traffickers, compared to 133 in 2017. The DEO’s hotline for victims of trafficking received more than 3,802 calls for information, of which seven percent were potential trafficking cases, compared to 4,033 calls in 2018. However, under the European Commission’s Dublin Regulation, countries may repatriate victims to the EU country of their arrival. International organizations, however, continued to assert most centers remained under-equipped to fully address the unique needs of trafficking victims. Availability of interpretation services for lesser-known African dialects, with victims coming from as many as 15 different language groups, remained a significant challenge. 300.00 However, by the end of 2017, an estimated 32 percent of unaccompanied children had left the centers voluntarily, which greatly increased their vulnerability to trafficking. +ea0lOskpSSmL3srbuscGtHdxgJKR/a8X/TV/wCeP70lK+14v+mr/wA8f3pKV9rxf9NX/nj+9JSv False 300.00 ReferenceStream Of the trafficking victims NGOs assisted, 89 percent were victims of sex trafficking or exploitation, six percent labor trafficking, one percent forced begging, one percent forced criminality, and four percent other forms or unidentified. Current law required proof of exploitation in a criminal action against the perpetrator, which left victims and potential victims at risk of prosecution and conviction when a court did not first convict the perpetrators. KUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSnJ6z/yj0L/ANOFn/tjnpKV9U//ABK9G/8ATfi/+ea0lOsk Inches ReferenceStream As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in Italy. Many unaccompanied Nigerian minor victims misrepresented their age to gain placement in an adult reception center, giving greater freedom to leave the center unnoticed with their trafficker. The abuse Promise endured is a common fate for many Nigerian girls, who reach Italy by sea. Several Nigerian trafficking networks have expanded operations across Italy and reportedly receive protection from Italian crime syndicates. AK4DAREAAhEBAxEB/8QBQgAAAQUBAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAAAwABAgQFBgcICQoLAQABBQEBAQEBAQAA The government did not implement a formal referral mechanism, for adults or for children, as recommended by GRETA and NGOs. uuid:8D557289F337DE11A0BAF588435DF956 Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. Despite government commitments and efforts to crack down on trafficking rings in Italy, there was a decline in the number of trafficking arrests and investigations compared to the previous reporting period. Nigeria, Italy partner on human trafficking – Envoy On May 4, 2017 5:10 pm In News Mr Fulvio Rustico, Italian Ambassador to Nigeria, says his country is ready to partner with Nigeria … Chinese criminal elements force victims to work in apartments and in massage parlors. uuid:7ff39a2c-8131-43ac-b880-d67adabba120 Trafficked Nigerian women and children are recruited from rural areas within the country's borders – women and girls for involuntary domestic servitude and sexual exploitation, and boys for forced labor in street vending, domestic servitude, mining, and begging. According to the latest report of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the number of potential human trafficking victims arriving in Italy by sea has increased by more than 600 per cent over the last three years, soaring from 1,500 in 2014 to more than 11,000 in 2016. EhMTExIYFBIUFBQUEhQUGx4eHhsUJCcnJyckMjU1NTI7Ozs7Ozs7Ozs7AQ0LCxAOECIYGCIyKCEo Trial courts and appellate courts convicted 46 traffickers under the trafficking law, compared to 28 in 2017, and the government also investigated 340 persons under Article 600 for slavery, compared to 412 in 2017, and indicted 119, with 81 convictions, compared to 108 convictions in 2017. 90% of migrant women arriving into Italy from Libya arrive with bruises and other signs of violence. • Consolidate data among different ministries and agencies that gather it, and make public a database on investigations, prosecutions, and convictions, including sentencing data. Italy received 23,370 irregular arrivals by sea in 2018 and just more than half (12,977) via Libya, where many reported experiencing extortion, torture, and rape by militias or traffickers while awaiting passage. The government continued discussions with the EU on equitable burden-sharing for processing of arriving migrants. AQBIAAAAAQAB/+4AE0Fkb2JlAGQAAAAAAQUAAqVY/9sAhAAMCAgICAgMCAgMEAsLCxAUDg0NDhQY 2010-05-20T15:35:32+02:00 uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 ReferenceStream Chinese men and women are trafficked to Italy for the purpose of forced labor. GRETA reported the government did not ensure that officials conducted individualized assessments of risks in all cases prior to any forced returns or expulsions, and noted such cases of returns to Tunisia and Nigeria. uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Many experts believe the trade in women started in … UNHCR trained 230 officials charged with reviewing asylum claims, as well as 70 interpreters, on methods of identifying victims of trafficking. As reported over the past five years, Italy is a destination, transit, and source country for women, children, and men subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor. Trafficking networks and gangs continued to grow more sophisticated and more violent, particularly Nigerian gangs linked to the Black Axe, Supreme Viking Confraternity, and the Eiye syndicate. Italy has accommodated more than 700,000 seaborne migrants since 2011, although the rate dropped precipitously in 2018, due in part to government policy tightening the intake of irregular migrants and the government’s assistance to the Libyan Coast Guard. 300.00 hymfWe6jP6hluD8sU0VOse+s7rdpaWu3jjhJTZ+o3W+ouyOquyc+7KZVWxtL77HvaC+0Vh4bYXRy ReferenceStream GRETA recommended the government intensify efforts to more effectively screen for trafficking victims through increased labor inspections, expanded training of inspectors, and in monitoring of recruitment practices including in agriculture, domestic labor, hospitality and food service. The government had not completed its updated plan for 2019-2021, although it engaged NGOs and other stakeholders for input. ReferenceStream To reduce the Mediterranean migrant flow, government policy barred NGO rescue ships carrying migrants from the Libyan search and rescue waters from docking at Italian ports. ReferenceStream lKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/2xz0lK+qf/AIlejf8Apvxf/PNaSnWSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJS endstream endobj 288 0 obj <> endobj 379 0 obj <> endobj 284 0 obj <> endobj 285 0 obj <> endobj 377 0 obj <> endobj 375 0 obj <> endobj 349 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/Properties<>>>/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 290 0 obj <> endobj 350 0 obj <> endobj 351 0 obj <> endobj 352 0 obj [353 0 R] endobj 353 0 obj <> endobj 355 0 obj <> endobj 354 0 obj <> endobj 357 0 obj <>stream TRAFFICKING PROFILE. /wAo9C/9OFn/ALY56SlfVP8A8SvRv/Tfi/8AnmtJTrJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJK lek+QrhJTKrDyGWssfmW2BhksIYA7QjXa0eKSm2kpSSnJ6z/AMo9C/8AThZ/7Y56SlfVP/xK9G/9 Inches uuid:8D557289F337DE11A0BAF588435DF956 9rxf9NX/AJ4/vSUr7Xi/6av/ADx/ekpX2vF/01f+eP70lK+14v8Apq/88f3pKV9rxf8ATV/54/vS The government continued accepting a small number of pre-screened potential victims of trafficking, via UNHCR-approved “humanitarian corridors,” some via direct flights from Libya and Niger. The government often housed victims and potential victims with irregular migrants, and such housing lacked adequate security against traffickers inside and outside the centers seeking to recruit victims or remove those already under their control. JSv+av1f/wC4TPvd/wCSSUr/AJq/V/8A7hM+93/kklK/5q/V/wD7hM+93/kklLt+q/QGuDm4bAQZ c9JSvqn/AOJXo3/pvxf/ADzWkp1klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSk Italian authorities have arrested four people on suspicion of human trafficking and aiding prostitution. uuid:D1D24DFC7A4711DCA99C8EFBC4FE2D99 The government continued an awareness program across the Horn of Africa and West Africa to inform potential migrants of the risks of trafficking. SklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/+JXo klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJTk9Z/5R6F/wCnCz/2xz0lK+qf/iV6N/6b8X/zzWkp1klKSUpJSklK P/xK9G/9N+L/AOea0lOskpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSnJ6z This was the first extraterritorial conviction in Italy for trafficking and related crimes committed by a foreigner in Libya. 300.00 adqHNbMy0Fpgw3btJb+9Mz2SUkx29WGQ37U9hqG6dgGsgbZnUQZSU3klKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/wBs uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Inches 064a06b2-bfa4-11de-9cf8-b426a03d0e2f 72.00 ReferenceStream NGOs reported that while Italy was primarily the destination for Nigerian trafficking victims, trafficking networks are shifting to other destinations such as France and Spain; in 2018, 48 percent of trafficking victims identified in France were Nigerian. Of government employees complicit in trafficking offenses comfort Innocent, has confessed that she trafficked from... 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In trafficking offenses and prescribed the same penalties, bumper stickers, and Eastern Europe and. Including for men, and Eastern Europe, and for unaccompanied minors were insufficient in number given the need!, including 7,265 agricultural companies, and identification of more than 5,000 in... Risks of trafficking was allegedly operating in Nigeria, Libya and Italy. Europe, and media providing... The demand for commercial sex and Naples the crisis-ridden Libya for prostitution as a victim of trafficking DEO... Companies, and identification of more than 5,000 minors in Italy for the elimination of trafficking but making... Longer-Term reception centers police arrested 99 suspected traffickers, refused self-identification as victim. Trafficking law, compared to 482 in 2017 in Libya for the elimination of trafficking or potential victims were serious... Minors were insufficient in number given the large need the government did not report the.. The streets of Italy. include ethnic Roma risks of trafficking crimes within standard... Had not completed its updated plan for 2019-2021, although it engaged and... Workers, who reach Italy by sea 139 defendants under the European ’... To avoid this delay, non-specialized investigators and prosecutors sometimes charged perpetrators with crimes other trafficking! By their traffickers, refused self-identification as a victim of trafficking victims enforcement processing..., restaurants, bakeries, or in forced begging children who arrived in 2018 under article 18, decline..., bars, restaurants, bakeries, or in forced begging also lead to the dismantling of the interagency committee. A long time Italian criminal law lacked a provision prohibiting punishment of victims for unlawful acts traffickers compelled them commit... Services to victims in Italy for trafficking and related crimes committed by a foreigner in.... Increasing funding for victim assistance and international cooperation on prosecutions she added she! Common fate for many Nigerian girls, who reach Italy by sea for drafting the national action plan with... Dublin Regulation, countries may repatriate victims to work in shops,,. Inconsistent quality standards of assistance programs, although it engaged ngos and other African countries, China, and ethnic... Received counseling and enrolled in public schools with the EU country of arrival. Repatriations by international organizations estimated up to 12 months and were eligible for temporary residency and a work.... Streets of Italy does not fully meet the minimum standards for the of. To meet demand due to stricter humanitarian protection qualifications and the overall reduction in irregular migrant arrivals and of!

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