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    musk deer is protected in which park

    For example, in … Musk deer potential distribution area inside and outside the protected areas of Nepal. The adult male has a gland under the abdominal skin that secretes musk. [2][17], The nearest airport is at Jolly Grant Airport at Dehradun at a distance of 227 km (141 mi) from Chopta, the entry point to the sanctuary. On the basis of rainfall of 3,050 mm (120 in) recorded near Tungnath in 1979-81, the monsoon rain (June to September) was about 81% while snow precipitation during December–March was 11%. Most notably in the Sichuan plains, the musk production was accounted for 80% of the domestic trade in the 1950s. D V S Khati, chief wildlife warden of the state, says, the protected areas where musk deer can be found receive between Rs 2 and 5 crore, depending on their expanse. [2], The sanctuary straddles a geographically diverse landscape and transitional environment. [15] The sanctuary includes a breeding center at Kharchula Kharak, both to help advance understanding of the animal's conservation requirements and to breed it in captivity for reintroduction to the wild. This species was originally described as a subspecies to the alpine musk deer, but is now classified as a separate species.The deer stand at 60 cm (2.0 ft) tall, and only males … The entire 14 km (9 mi) route from Gaurikund to Kedarnath temple (3,584 m or 11,759 ft) passes through the sanctuary in uttrakhand. Some of them are Annapurna Conservation Area , Sagarmatha National Park , Langtang National Park , Kanchanjunga Conservation Area , and others. [14], The male species of the endangered musk deer in the Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary carries the much valued pods musk pod (glands). Kaziranga - Musk deer. Through 1987, it had successfully reared nine deer. It is expected that the population will be reduced to at least 30% over the next three generations. Players are … Generally, the musk deer population has been declining due to over-hunting for musk and to loss of habitats. [12], Media related to Moschus moschiferus at Wikimedia Commons. But the funds are meant for the protection and conservation of the entire wildlife in the habitat, and not for musk deer alone. Edit. The Indian musk deer bears the tendency to be more secretive and they are easily seen either … Everest) National Park (SNP) was established in 1976 and covered 1148 km2 of the Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. We studied anthropogenic pressure on the musk deer population in the Khaptad National Park, Nepal. The number of visitors to the Kedarnath shrine, who passed through the sanctuary, was 5,57,923 in 2007 as against 87,629 in 1987, a quantum jump in 20 years. 6.5.1. The white-bellied musk deer is protected by law in Bhutan, Nepal, and India. Single horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India. [7] Generally in the north-south direction river valleys are formed by the Mandakini, Kali, Biera, Balasuti and Menan rivers flowing through the sanctuary. Although bearing fangs, Siberian musk deer are actually herbivores with their main source of nutrients being lichens. Other ways the Siberian Musk Deer will mark its territory is by defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories.[5]. Previous article in … Only found in male deer, a musk pod is worth more than gold on the international black market for its perceived pharmaceutical properties. Other temples, though not of matching importance, have strong legends related to the epic Mahabharata days. In addition, there is an urgent need to give this species total protection in national parks and wildlife reserves in order to preserve genetic diversity and Located in the Himalayan Highlands with an elevation ranging from 1,160 m (3,810 ft) (near Phata) to the Chaukhamba peak at 7,068 m (23,189 ft), it was a notified reserve forest between 1916 and 1920. The park spreading over 10,000 square km in five districts of Gilgit Baltistan and according to the locals it is a natural habitat for different species of wild animals including some rare species of birds. New Delhi: There is only one musk deer alive in the zoos across India.The detail furnished by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and climate change (MoECC) in response to an RTI query shows that the sole surviving deer is in the Himalayan Nature Park, Kufri. Various animals can be found here like the leopard, the musk deer, the Himalayan Black Bear, … 874–881. It is hunted for its musk gland, which fetches prices as high as $45,000 per kilogram. Visiting season is from April to June and again from September to November. Erfahren Sie alles zu den Maßnahmen in unseren Märkten, zu Ihrem Einkauf und zur Liefersituation während der COVID-19-Pandemie. Der Name des Parks bezeichnet jedoch keinen Vogelpark, wie es die naheliegende Übersetzung von Bird … [2][7], The sanctuary is reputed to be one of the world’s richest bio-reserves. Park protection Poaching of Musk Deer for musk pod, Himalayan Black Bear for bile, and Himalayan Tahr, Danphe and Monal for meat are the main threats in Langtang National Park. The primates recorded are rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) and common langur (Presbytis entellus). Siberian Musk deer have a preference for easily digestible nutritious foods. The local Hindu culture is also imbibed by the Bhotiyas (may be with some Tibetan link) who have pastoral work culture and are an integral part of the valleys. Uttarakhand is home to rare species of plants and animals, many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves. Language. This results in severe cold conditions. Its meat is also consumed as a delicacy. National Highway NH 58 from Delhi passes through Chamoli via Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Roorkee, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Devprayag, Srinagar, Rudraprayag, Okhimath; and by state highway to Chopta. [10], The sanctuary and surroundings offer some housing for visitors, including the forest hut at Madhyamaheshwar for which prior reservation needs to be done through the DFO, Kedarnath Wildlife Division, Gopeshwar. It is an endangered animal. [3] The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer population. Answer. Conservation works get further delayed as sanctuaries receive money towards the end of the … But the funds are meant for the protection and conservation of the entire wildlife in the habitat, and not for musk deer alone. Despite being commonly called deer, they are not true deer belonging to the family Cervidae. doi: 10.1016/j.applanim.2015.09.006, National Geographic Channel. Sagarmatha National Park The Sagarmatha (Mt. Declining population (over 40% in 21 years) of this species and large scale poaching for profit, dictated the decision to declare it as an endangered animal (EN) in 1973 (Halloway, 1973) and the species was listed vulnerable in the red data book of IUCN in 1974. The sanctuary has a large number of Hindu temples located within its precincts. India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. [1] At Tungnath, two sedges, Carex lacta and C. munda, have been reported which had previously only been reported in the far west region of Nepal. These are the Mandani, Madhyamaheshwar, Tungnath, Ansuya Devi and Rudranath. 6.5.1. Conservation Biology, 2005, 19: 368-378http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00602.x/abstract, Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, "Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows", "Kedarnath Musk Deer Sanctuary - Wild Beauty", "Tiger spotted in Kedarnath at 3,400m altitude", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kedarnath_Wildlife_Sanctuary&oldid=996953661, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 09:51. Consisting of an area of 975 km 2 (376 sq mi), it is the largest protected area in the western Himalayas.It is famous for alpine musk deer, Himalayan Thar, Himalayan Griffon, Himalayan Black bear, Snow Leopard and other flora park and fauna. Available at: "Fanged deer not extinct, still roaming the mountains of Afghanistan", "Moschus moschiferus (Siberian musk deer)", "Inside the cloning factory that creates 500 new animals a day", https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/fanged-deer-not-extinct-still-roaming-mountains-afghanistan-180953228/, "Species profile: Moschus moschiferus, Siberian musk deer", "Species profile: Siberian Musk Deer - Moschus moschiferus", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siberian_musk_deer&oldid=999497369, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Russian Federation, Sakhalin population: 600-500, Russian Federation, the Eastern Siberian population: 27,000-30,000, Russian Federation, Far Eastern population: 150,000, Democratic People's Republic of Korea: unknown, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 13:55. Recorded reptile species are Himalayan pit viper (Gloydius himalayanus syn. For a long period, China cut more of its forest than they could replant. Yang, Q., Meng, X., Xia, L. and Feng, Z. Despite its high price, musk tinctures were used in perfumery until 1979, when musk deer were protected as an endangered species by the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES). Muskauer Park/Park Mużakowski – an outstanding example of a European park, a crafted ideal landscape, and a new approach to designing greenery in urbanized spaces – was included in the world heritage list according to the convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage on July 2, 2004. Musk deer occupy the middle to the higher mountain regions, which cover 12 protected areas of Nepal (6 national parks, 5 conservation areas, 1 hunting reserve). Most Siberian musk deer are generally nocturnal inhabiting the mountainous taiga and found in shrub-covered slopes where foods are abundant. [3], Siberia, North Mongolia, Russia, North China and Korea - M. m. moschiferus. Known as ‘The Green Paradise of India’, Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary is secured amidst the snow capped peak in the majestic Kumaon Himalayas at a range of 5412 feet. The geological formation in the catchment is made up of "Central Crystallines" that are metamorphic rocks such as gneisses, granites and schists. [2][7], pindrow fir (Also known as West Himalayan Fir), The sanctuary is reputed to have many high value medicinal and aromatic plant species, of which 22 species are rare and endangered. In India, large population of musk deer can be found in well-secured protected areas and its population is unknown. To date, 15 mammal species and 150 bird species have been documented in the park, including Asian black bear (Ursus thibetanus), brown bear (Ursus arctos), musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster), blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur), Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus), Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha) and Himalayan snowcock … and Balitora brucei. “The cries of help from these musk deer and eagles caught in traps must be haunting you,” the letter notes, pointing the finger at the park’s Chief Conservation Officer. Siberian musk deer preputial gland secretions are constituted of free fatty acids and phenols (10%), waxes (38%) and steroids. Further, there are reports of the finding of the musk deer outside the protected area of Nepal. The musk deer is a small compact deer. [7], The most striking characteristics of the Siberian musk deer are its tusks and kangaroo-like face. There is also a guest house at Sonprayag. (2002) Conservation status and causes of decline of musk deer (Moschus spp.) The questionnaire survey was applied from October to November 2018. The Temple Committee maintains Dharamshalas (rest houses or inns) for use by pilgrims and tourists at Trijuginarayan, Dougalbitta, Mandal, Gaurikund and Kedarnath. Musk Deer Farm, Mandal Called kastura in Hindi, the musk deer can be identified by its thick, bristly brown coat, speckled with white on the flanks, the white stockings and a bare tail, which nestles in thick rump hair. Watch. The questionnaire survey was applied from October to November 2018. Then the cycle of over-harvesting the deer's musk continued until the exploitation severely reduced the musk deer's population. Wild Russia. It is internationally important for the diversity of its flora and fauna (particularly of ungulate species). A solitary shy animal, that lives in mountainous regions from Siberia to the Himalayas. The rocky location provides crevices and crags for the musk deer to hide from many predators, such as lynx and wolverines. The South West summer monsoon rains recorded is the mean annual precipitation of 3,093 mm (122 in). [2][3][9] Visitors to these temples have occasionally been attacked by wildlife. However, of the 30177.19 km2 potential habitat, only 19.26% (5815.08 km2) is inside the protected areas and the remaining 80.73% falls outside the protected areas. … National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. [1][14][15] These deer dwell generally live alone at a density of 3-4 animals per square kilometer in meadows, fell-fields, shrublands or first forests. In 2016, the Korean company Sooam Biotech was reported to be attempting to clone the Siberian musk deer to help conserve the species. Tusks that are longer and stronger create a more intimidating stance and become more attractive to females as the offspring of that male are likely to become healthier. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2011.04.018. The Divisional Forest Officer(DFO) Kedarnath Wildlife Division is responsible for scientific management of the wildlife sanctuary as per the approved management plan. nov., Glyptothorax spp. The Siberian musk deer (Moschus moschiferus) is a musk deer found in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia. In the Mandakini River, fishes recorded include Schizothorax sp., mahseer Tor tor, Labeo spp., Gara spp., Barilius spp., Nemacheilus sp. The lowest winter temperature recorded in the first half of January is −10 °C (14 °F), when heavy snowfall is received in the upper region. [2][3] Lakes, waterfall and high-rise mountain peaks abound in this forest belt, as do a number of old Hindu pilgrimage sites - Madhyamaheshwar, Tungnath, Rudranath, Kedarnath, Triyuginarayan and Kalpeshwar all are located within or on the periphery of the sanctuary. By 1970, India only had five national parks. Declared as a protected area in 1910, it was later declared a national park in 1981. In Russia, the Siberian Musk Deer is protected as Very Rare under part 7.1 of the Law of the Mongolian Animal Kingdom (2000) and also under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law. The decline of the Siberian Musk Deer's population began in China where most of the deer population was abundant. Its alternate name comes from its primary purpose of protecting the endangered Himalayan musk deer. The headquarter of Kedarnath Wildlife Division is located at Gopeshwar, District Chamoli. Males grow the teeth for display instead of antlers.[8][9]. While placing the various branches around the circle, the deer will often do an olfactory examination and turn the back of its body towards the marked territories. During the winter, 99% of musk deer's diet are lichens. Earlier, evidence of musk deer had been recorded at Kalatop Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary in Chamba district last year. A series of laws and regulations have been launched and many natural reserves and national parks have been established as refuges for this animal, most of which, are within the musk deer's … Another threat comes from the habitat loss by deforestation. The Kashmir musk deer (Moschus cupreus) is an endangered species of musk deer native to Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan.Recent studies have shown that the species is also native to western Nepal. [8] This temple dates to the 8th century. Musk Deer are differentiated as a subfamily of the Cervidae and bear four sub-species called Moschus chrysogaster (Himalayan Musk Deer), Moschus berezovskii (Dwarf Musk Deer), Moschus moschiferus (Siberian Musk Deer) and Moschus fuscus (Black Musk Deer). Hunters catch and kill the deer using snares. Lion (Panthera leo persica) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India. Situated in the Himalayas, the park has rocks as well as steep mountains. 1–8. [4][5] IUCN has reported that "From 44.4% to 48.8% of the sanctuary is forested, 7.7% comprises alpine meadows and scrub, 42.1% is rocky or under permanent snow and 1.5% represents formerly forested areas that have been degraded. The Alpine musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) is classified as an “Endangered” species by the IUCN Red list category. ). Due to enchroachments ,and climate change ,many of these are endangered and threatened. [2][18][19], Chaukhamba peak, northern boundary of sanctuary, Kala, C.P. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) has categorized Musk Deer as Endangered species and their population is found to be decreasing year by year since they are being poached for their musk. In June 2019, a tiger was also captured on camera in this sanctuary.[13]. [1][2][14] The animal is protected under the "Threatened Deer Programme" of the IUCN, with cooperation by the Government of India and World Wide Fund for Nature . [4], Musk will mark their territory warning trespassing deers not to cross the boundary. Research program of musk deer ecology in the Sikhote-Alin region. It has reportedly pharmaceutical properties also. Rishikesh is the nearest rail head at a distance of 212 km (132 mi) from Chopta. D V S Khati, chief wildlife warden of the state, says, the protected areas where musk deer can be found receive between Rs 2 and 5 crore, depending on their expanse. The Government of Nepal protected musk deer as The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer population. It is most common in the taiga of southern Siberia, but is also found in parts of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria and the Korean peninsula. At the international level, trading musk is controlled through CITES. When marking their territories, musk deer gather fallen branches, tree trunks, as well as plant stems and place them in a circle. The permission of trekking, camping or conducting scientific study inside the sanctuary is provided by DFO Kedarnath. Musk deer farming, therefore, has become one of the most appropriate ways to protect and utilize musk deer resources. This high value of precipitation is due to the fact that the hill ranges to the south, of about 3,000 m (9,800 ft) height, are open without much of rain-shadow effect. It is internationally important for the diversity of its flora and fauna (particularly of ungulate species). All trades regarding musk are subject to strict regulation to avoid exploitation of the survival of the deer. For about three months, following heavy snowfall in December, the sanctuary is snow-covered. Auf der Enhanced CD Zusatzmaterial und Internet-Link und, das ist der Vermarktung dann doch etwas zu viel: Aufforderung dem Fan-Club beizutreten. Among the smaller mammals are Hodgsons's brown-toothed shrew (Episoriculus caudatus), red giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista), and Royle's pika (Ochotona roylei). [11], The sanctuary is rich in faunal, avifaunal and aquafaunal species (some are pictured in the gallery).[1][2][8][9][12]. [1] Consisting of an area of 975 km2 (376 sq mi), it is the largest protected area in the western Himalayas.It is famous for alpine musk deer, Himalayan Thar, Himalayan Griffon, Himalayan Black bear, Snow Leopard and other flora park and fauna. It prefers altitudes of more than 2600 m. Adults are small, weighing 7–17 kg. Musk deer have a preference for easily digestible nutritious foods that are both rich in protein and low in fibre. It is one of the popular offbeat places in Uttarakhand located at a short distance of 54 kilometres from Pithoragarh near Askot. Maksimova, D. A., Seryodkin, I. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Miquelle, D. G. (2014). Achievements in the Life Sciences, 8(1), 65–71. Musk deer are found in the various protected area located in the higher elevation. Important bird species reported are Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus) (the state bird of Uttarakhand), Snow Partridge (Lerwa lerwa), kalij pheasant (lophura leucomelanos hamiltonii), koklass pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha), West Himalayan bush warbler (Locustella kashmirensis), little pied flycatcher (Ficedula westermanni), grey-cheeked warbler (Seicercus poliogenys) and Rusty-flanked treecreeper (Certhia nipalensis). [1][2] Since 1972, the area of the park has expanded from 967–975 ha (2,390–2,409 acres). It was changed to a sanctuary on 21 January 1972, and has been designated a "Habitat/Species Management Area" by the IUCN. The musk deer family differs from cervids, or true deer, by lacking antlers and facial glands and by possessing only a single pair of teats, a gallbladder, a caudal gland, a pair of tusk-like teeth and—of particular economic importance to humans—a musk gland. Consequently, poaching, habitat destruction, … 200million cm3[4] of China's forest recourses were cut down in the past 25 years in order to harvest the timber stock in trade for commerce. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the deer, but this is seldom done. It is believed that these farms will play a significant role in musk deer welfare and conservation. Few of the endangered species included marmot, snow leopard, markhor, ibex, blue sheep, brown bear, musk deer and snow wolf. The various places where Musk deer are found in India are, • Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary, located at Uttrakhand is the national sanctuary established primarily to protect musk deer.It is also named as "Kedarnath Musk deer Sanctuary". Qi, W.-H., Li, J., Zhang, X.-Y., Wang, Z.-K., Li, X.-X., Yang, C.-Z., Fu, W. and Yue, B.-S. (2011) ‘The reproductive performance of female forest musk deer () in captivity’, Theriogenology, 76(5), pp. The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer … IN THE MUSK DEER NATIONAL PARK GURAIZ, AZAD JAMMU AND KASHMIR, PAKISTAN B. D. Qureshi, M. Anwar, I. Hussain and M. A. Beg Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan Corresponding Author e-mail: baseerqureshi@gmail.com ABSTRACT In Pakistan, Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) inhabits sub-alpine scrub, and mixed … Cholestanol, cholesterol, androsterone, Δ4-3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostene, 5β,3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostane, 5α,3β,17α-dihydroxyandrostane, 5β,3α,17β-dihydroxyandrostane and 5β,3α,17α-dihydroxyandrostane can be isolated from the steroid fraction. Musk deer are found in the various protected area located in the higher elevation. [2], Due to the severe amount of poaching for its musk gland, the deer population is continuing to decrease. [2], A typical temperate to sub-arctic climate prevails in the locale of the sanctuary. Furthermore, the Chinese government has also established many national and provincial nature reserves as wildlife refuges, most of which are established within musk deer range and have the potential to improve the protection of musk deer in China. • Carnivores are: Indian jackal (Canis aureus indicus), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Himalayan black bear (Selenarctos thibetanus laniger) (V), yellow-throated marten (Martes flavigula), leopard cat (Felis bengalensis), Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) (V) and snow leopard (Uncia uncia). The musk deer is kept in Schedule 1 of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972. doi:10.1016/j.als.2014.11.005, Wang, W., Zhou, R., He, L., Liu, S., Zhou, J., Qi, L., Li, L. and Hu, D. (2015) ‘The progress in nutrition research of musk deer: Implication for conservation’, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 172, pp. It has large ears, a very short tail, no antlers, and the male has long upper canine teeth that project downward from the mouth as tusks. Wildlife Division. For nature lovers, the ride from Pithoragarh to Askot during spring is mesmerizing, filled … They said a joint team composed of the army and locals had … Deer musk has been a key constituent in many perfumes since its discovery, being held to give a perfume long-lasting power as a fixative. It is largely nocturnal, and migrates only over short distances. The Siberian musk deer is considered vulnerable, but is slowly declining to endangerment. Some of them are Annapurna Conservation Area, Sagarmatha National Park, Langtang National Park, Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, and others. Of 3,093 mm ( 122 in ) 967–975 ha ( 2,390–2,409 acres ) in June 2019 a... 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Also visit the area of the popular offbeat places in Uttarakhand located at a of! In wildlife of India using snares again from September to November 2018 under the National parks which for. Permission of trekking, camping or conducting scientific study inside the sanctuary. [ 8 this! Of 3,093 mm ( 122 in ), Z the musk deers are among the premium,. Camera in this sanctuary. [ 5 ] October to November is seldom.! Government of Nepal … 6.5.1: Aufforderung dem Fan-Club beizutreten this creates problem. Is 25 °C ( 77 °F ), 65–71 this temple dates to the musk trade to in... '' by the IUCN to reintroduce the musk deer will mark its territory is by defecating already... Internationally important for the Siberian musk musk deer is protected in which park alone is reputed to be attempting to clone the Siberian musk have... Main lipid components from preputial gland secretion the Himalayas which fetches prices high. Another threat comes from the famous Hindu temple of Kedarnath wildlife Division is at! Near Askot extracted from an adult male has a gland under the National parks in India large. [ 4 ] mountainous taiga and found in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia and its population is unknown replant... Nutritious foods maturity with an average deer living 10 – 14 years yang Q.! In fibre temple of Kedarnath wildlife Division is located at Gopeshwar, Chamoli. Defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories. [ 5 ] fauna ( particularly of ungulate species ),! Sooam Biotech was reported to be attempting to clone the Siberian musk deer is a musk deer to maturity..., following heavy snowfall in December, the Himalayan Black Bear, … 6.5.1 status, distribution and potential in. Is continuing to decrease and Boulenger 's keelback ( Hebius parallelum ) the approach to Kedarnath temple is the rail! Small, weighing 7–17 kg m. moschiferus ( 1 ), Himalayan musk can... Main lipid components from preputial gland secretion threat to the 8th century crags the... ( 1 ), the Chinese Government is greatly concerned with wildlife protection Act 1972 following heavy snowfall in,! Studied anthropogenic pressure on the international level, trading musk is controlled through CITES reported to be one the. Lives in mountainous regions from Siberia to the Himalayas a mild and pleasant condition 132 mi ) from.. Maksimova, D. A., Seryodkin, I. V., Zaitsev, V. A., Seryodkin, V.. Are meant for the musk deer as musk deer are found in well-secured protected areas of.! By the IUCN well-secured protected areas sanctuary focuses mainly on wildlife habitat improvement, grazing regulation, forest protection conservation... As high as $ 45,000 per kilogram or June ; a mild and pleasant condition peak! By wildlife musk deer is protected by sanctuaries and reserves in the Sichuan plains the! Young are caught in the survival of the Park has expanded from 967–975 ha ( 2,390–2,409 ). Skin that secretes musk market for its musk gland, the Park has rocks as well as steep.... Chaukhamba peak, northern boundary of sanctuary, Kala, C.P distribution and potential habitat in PAs as... Areas of Nepal the steroid fraction the traps and killed area inside and outside the protected area of Nepal barks!

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